Reasoning: Puzzles and Arrangements for upcoming Exams – Set 107 (SBI PO 2019)

Directions (1-5): Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Each of five boys – Anuj, Bharath, Charan, David and Eshwar are of different weights and different heights.
(i) If they were given ranks 1 to 5 according to their heights (in decreasing order of heights) and weights (in decreasing order of weights), no boy got the same rank in both the categories.
(ii) For any boy, the number of boys heavier than him is not equal to the number of boys shorter than him.
(iii) Eshwar, the tallest boy is heavier than Anuj, the shortest boy.
(iv) Charan is heavier than only one boy and is shorter than David

  1. What is the rank of Bharath in weight?
    One
    Two
    Three
    Four
    Cannot be determined
    Option E
    Persons:- Anuj, Bharath, Charan, David and Eshwar.
    1) Eshwar, the tallest boy is heavier than Anuj, the shortest boy.
    So, Eshwar is heavier in weight than Anuj.

    2) Charan is heavier than only one boy and is shorter than David.
    So, David is taller than Charan.

    3) For any boy, the number of boys heavier than him is not equal to the number of boys shorter than him and Charan is heavier than only one boy and is shorter than David.
    So, David must have got the second rank in height.

    4) Eshwar, the tallest boy is heavier than Anuj, the shortest boy.
    So, Eshwar must have got the second rank in weight.

    Hence, Bharath’s rank in weight is either 1 or 5.

     

  2. What is the sum of the ranks of Charan in both the categories?
    Five
    Six
    Seven
    Eight
    Nine
    Option C
    Hence, the sum of the ranks of Charan is Seven.

     

  3. Who is the third heaviest boy?
    Charan
    Eshwar
    Bharath
    Anuj
    Cannot be determined
    Option D
    Hence, Anuj is the third heaviest boy.

     

  4. Who among the following is heavier than Anuj?
    Bharath
    David
    Charan
    Eshwar
    More than one of the above
    Option E
    Hence, two persons are heavier than Anuj.

     

  5. Who is the fourth tallest boy?
    Bharath
    Charan
    David
    Either (A) or (C)
    Either (A) or (B)
    Option A
    Hence, Bharath is the fourth tallest boy.

     

Directions (6-10): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Seven friends – Chandani, Diksha, Hemant, Kashish, Mahesh, Nitin and Rohan are comparing their scores in an exam. Following are the information about their scores.
(i) Each of them scored a distinct mark.
(ii) Kashish scored the same marks as the average of the marks scored by Chandani and Diksha where Chandani scored more marks than Diksha.
(iii) Both Mahesh and Nitin scored less marks than Hemant but more than Rohan and the marks scored by Rohan is not the least.
(iv)The number of persons who scored more marks than Kashish is same as the number of persons who scored less marks than Kashish.
(v) Chandani scored less marks than Mahesh.

  1. Among them who scored the second highest marks?
    Nitin
    Mahesh
    Chandani
    Rohan
    Cannot be determined
    Option B
    Solution:
    Persons: Chandani, Diksha, Hemant, Kashish, Mahesh, Nitin and Rohan
    1) The number of persons who scored more marks than Kashish is same as the number of persons who scored less marks than Kashish.
    So, Kashish scored fourth highest marks.

    2) Kashish scored the same marks as the average of the marks scored by Chandani and Diksha where Chandani scored more marks than Diksha. Chandani scored less marks than Mahesh.
    So, Mahesh > Chandani > Kashish > Diksha.

    3) Both Mahesh and Nitin scored less marks than Hemant but more than Rohan and the marks scored by Rohan is not the least.
    So, Hemant > Mahesh > Chandani > Kashish > Diksha and Nitin scored more marks than Rohan and the marks scored by Rohan is not the least.
    Thus, Hemant > Mahesh > Chandani > Kashish > Nitin > Rohan >Diksha.

    Hence, Mahesh scored the second highest marks.

     

  2. How many persons scored more marks than Chandani?
    Five
    Four
    Three
    Two
    One
    Option D
    Hence, Hemant and Mahesh scored more marks than Chandani.

     

  3. How many persons are there whose scores are between the scores of Nitin and Diksha?
    Four
    Three
    Two
    One
    Zero
    Option D
    Hence, only Rohan scored between the scores of Nitin and Diksha.

     

  4. Which of the following is true?
    Nitin scored more than Mahesh.
    Diksha scored more than Nitin.
    Rohan scored more than Kashish.
    Kashish scored more than Hemant.
    Nitin scored more than Diksha.
    Option E
    Hence, Nitin scored more marks than Diksha.

     

  5. Among them who scored the second lowest marks?
    Chandani
    Rohan
    Diksha
    Nitin
    Hemant
    Option B
    Hence, Rohan scored the second lowest marks.

     

Related posts

Leave a Comment