Reasoning: Syllogism Questions Set 42

Directions: In the question below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

  1. Statements: All oranges are lemons. All lemons are apples. No guava is orange.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some guavas are lemons.
    II. No apple is guava.
    III. All apples are oranges.

    None follows
    Both II and III follow
    Both I and III follow
    Both I and II follow
    Only I follows
    Option A


    Conclusions:
    I. Some guavas are lemons → False (It is possible but not definite).
    II. No apple is guava → False (It is possible but not definite).
    III. All apples are oranges → False (It is possible but not definite).
    Hence, no conclusion follows.

     

  2. Statements: Some cycles are tyres. All punctures are tubes. Some tyres are not puncture.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some tyres are not tubes.
    II. Some tubes are not puncture is a possibility.
    III. Some tubes are cycles.

    Only I follows
    Both I and II follow
    Only II follows
    Both I and III follow
    Only III follows
    Option C


    Conclusions:
    I. Some tyres are not tubes → False (It is possible but not definite).
    II. Some tubes are not puncture is a possibility → True (It is possible).
    III. Some tubes are cycles → False (It is possible but not definite).
    Hence, only conclusion II follows.

     

  3. Statements: No dancer is artist. Some singer is artist. All actors are singer.
    Conclusions:
    I. No actor is dancer.
    II. Some dancers are actor.
    III. Some dancers are singers.

    Either I or II follow
    Only III and Either I or II follow
    Both I and II follow
    All follows
    Only I follows
    Option A


    Conclusions:
    I. No actor is dancer → False (It is possible but not definite).
    II. Some dancers are actor → False (It is possible but not definite)
    III. Some dancers are singer → False (It is possible but not definite)
    Conclusion I and II form complementary pair. Hence, either conclusion I or II follows.

     

  4. Statements: All drama are movie. Some scripts are movie. All serials are scripts.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some serials are drama.
    II. All serials are drama.
    III. All drama are scripts.
    IV. Some movie are serials.

    All follow
    Both I and II follow
    Either I or II follows
    Only III and Either I or II follows
    None follows
    Option E


    Conclusions:
    I. Some serials are drama → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    II. All serials are drama → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    III. All drama are script → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    IV. Some movies are serials → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    Hence no conclusion follows.

     

  5. Statements: Some scores are points. All points are total. Some total are runs. All runs are wicket.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some runs being score is a possibility.
    II. All points are wicket.
    III. Some runs are point.
    IV. All point are runs.

    Only I follows
    I, II and IV follow
    Both II and IV follow
    All follows
    Only III follows
    Option A


    Conclusions:
    I. Some runs being score is a possibility → possibility is true as shown below.

    II. All points are wicket → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    III. Some runs are point → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    IV. All points are run → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    Hence only conclusion I follow.

     

  6. Statements: Some air is water. No water is soil. All soil are wind.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some air is not soil.
    II. Some water can be wind.
    III. Some wind is not water.

    If only conclusion II follows
    If both conclusions II and III follow
    If both conclusions I and III follow
    If both conclusions I and II follow
    If all conclusions follows
    Option E

    Conclusions:
    I. Some air is not soil → it’s true.
    II. Some water can be wind → possibility is true as shown below.

    III. Some wind is not water → it’s true.
    Hence all conclusions follow.

     

  7. Statements: Some mirrors are fans. All doors are fan. All TV are mirror. Some doors are window.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some doors are TV.
    II. Some windows are definitely mirror.
    III. At least some fans are window.

    If both conclusions I and III follow
    If only conclusion III follows
    If both conclusions I and II follow
    If both conclusions II and III follow
    If all conclusions follows
    Option B

    Conclusions:
    I. Some doors are TV → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    II. Some windows are definitely mirror → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    III. At least some fans are window → it’s definite, hence true.
    Hence only conclusion III follows.

     

  8. Statements: No lion is tiger. Some lions are elephants. Some tigers are insect. All elephants are bug.
    Conclusions:
    I. All lions are elephant.
    II. Some elephant are definitely not tigers.
    III. Some insect are definitely not elephant.

    If only conclusion II follows
    If both conclusions I and III follow
    If both conclusions II and III follow
    If all conclusions follow
    If both conclusions I and II follow
    Option A


    Conclusions:
    I. All lions are elephant → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    II. Some elephant are definitely not tigers → it’s true, hence true.
    III. Some insect are definitely not elephant → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    Hence only conclusion II follows.

     

  9. Statements: Some cats are bats. All cats are rats. No rat is mat.
    Conclusions:
    I. No mat is cat.
    II. Some mats are bats.
    III. Some bats are cats. IV. Some rats are bats.

    Both I and III follow
    Both II and III follow
    I, III and IV follow
    Both II and IV follow
    All follows
    Option C

    Conclusions: I. No mat is a cat → it’s true.
    II. Some mats are bats → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
    III. Some bats are cats → it’s true.
    IV. Some rats are bats → it’s true.
    Hence conclusion I, III and IV follows.

     

  10. Statements: No happy is sad. Some sad are sorrow. All sad are angry.
    Conclusions:
    I. Some angry are sorrow.
    II. No sorrow is angry.
    III. Some sorrow being happy is a possibility.

    Only I follows
    Both I and III follow
    Only III follows
    All follows
    Only II follows
    Option B


    Conclusions:
    I. Some angry are sorrow → it’s true.
    II. No sorrow is angry → it’s not possible, hence false.
    III. Some sorrow being happy is a possibility → possibility is true as shown below.

    Hence conclusion I and III follow.

     



 

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