Mixed English Questions for upcoming Exam — Set 387

Directions(1-2): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with two of the lines in the passage missing and represented by the blanks. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent (coherent means logically complete and sound).

  1. __________________ and have accomplished great advancements in science and technology, communication and medicine, it appears as if we have not succeeded in achieving happiness and satisfaction through the very objects we have created. We are unable to communicate with fellow-beings _______________.
    Since we human beings have evolved over millennia; As we are trapped in the vicious circle of desire, struggle, jealousy, greed and misery.
    Even though we human beings have evolved over millennia; for we are trapped in the vicious circle of desire, struggle, jealousy, greed and misery.
    Despite being evolved over millennia; Since we are trapped in the vicious circle of desire, struggle, jealousy, greed and misery.
    We human beings have evolved over millennia; yet we are trapped in the vicious circle of desire, struggle, jealousy, greed and misery.
    Although we human beings have evolved over millennia. On account of we being trapped in the vicious circle of desire, struggle, jealousy, greed and misery.
    Option

     

  2. A black hole all by its lonesome doesn’t do much of anything, and even when it eats some gas or dust, it’s very inefficient at converting its food to X-rays or any other form of radiation. But when a black hole, or even a neutron star or a white dwarf, when they have a stellar companion—that is, a living star—that star will shed gas and form a disk around the black hole. Those disks are very good at producing the X-rays detectable by powerful technology.

    When a black hole orbits together with a star, in a formation known as a binary system, the black hole feeds on its companion, sucking the starlight into the shadows.
    The slow process of augmenting the companion star produces a glowing disk of hot gas that can be seen by powerful telescopes through X-rays.
    Without cannibalized stars to light the way, we can’t see black holes with current technology.
    It’s actually quite rare for a black hole to successfully lasso a star with its gravity and start chomping down on it, so there must be many more out there without a companion than with one
    Astronomers have detected evidence of a handful of the likely thousands of light-gobbling objects in the middle of the galaxy.
    Option C

     

  3. Directions(3-6): The following question carries a sentence with four words marked in bold. Some of the bold words may contain an error. The statement is followed by a table with two columns. The first column, ‘I’, contains the list of bold words, and the second column, ‘II’, lists the suggested corrections. You have to choose the best alternative among the four given options. If all the words are correct, mark option E, i.e., “None of the above” as your answer.

  4. The panellists were put off by numerous ads promising a balanced federal budget but offered no specifics on how to achieve it.
    Column I Column II
    (1) off (5) of
    (2) balanced (6) disbalanced
    (3) offered (7) offering
    (4) achieve (8) avoid
    Both (1) – (5) and (4) – (8)
    (2) – (6)
    (1) – (5)
    (3) – (7)
    None of the above
    Option D

     

  5. There are then clear signs that the commercial development of the net and a take-over by corporate conglomerates is under foot.

    Column I Column II
    1) then 5) now
    2) development 6) advancement
    3) corporate 7) media
    4) foot 8) way

    Both (1) – (5) and (4) – (8)
    (2) – (6)
    (1) – (5)
    (3) – (7)
    None of the above
    Option A

     

  6. Henceforth we should be asking our local authorities to install wheelchair access gates in place of ordinary kissing gates wherever possible.
    Column I Column II
    1) henceforth 5) perhaps
    2) asking 6) lurking
    3) access 7) excess
    4) ordinary 8) hidden
    Both (1) – (5) and (4) – (8)
    (2) – (6)
    (1) – (5)
    (3) – (7)
    None of the above
    Option C

     

  7. The secondary market helps new issues get under way in the primary market and therefore provides capital for growing companies.
    Column I Column II
    1) helps 5) helping
    2) issues 6) ailments
    3) therefore 7) thus
    4) growing 8) grown
    Both (1) – (5) and (4) – (8)
    (2) – (6)
    (1) – (5)
    (3) – (7)
    None of the above
    Option E
    All the words are correct and need no change.

     

  8. Directions(7-10): In the following question, three sentences labelled (I), (II) and (III) have been given, followed by two words. Each sentence carries a blank which may or may not be filled by the given words. From the given options, choose the combination which represents the appropriate pair of sentence and word.

  9. I. On hearing the bell ringing, Rachel _____ down the stairs.
    II. The road _______ its way along the hillside.
    III. The injury to his leg meant the young lieutenant was going to be desk ______ for the rest of his army career.
    (a) bound
    (b) winds
    I-(a), II-(b) & III-(b)
    I-(a),II-(a) & III-(b)
    I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)
    I-(b),II-(b) & III-(a)
    None of the above
    Option C
    The word ‘bound’ has multiple meanings.
    i. It can mean “the action walking or running with leaping strides” (appropriately fills sentence I)
    ii. It can also mean “to set limits to or confine someone to certain restraints” (appropriately fills sentence III)
    In its verb form, ‘winds’ means to meander, to take a curving and indirect route’ (appropriately fills sentence II)

     

  10. I. With the president indisposed, the vice-president had to serve as the ________ for the upcoming foreign tour.
    II. The ______ process has given the hope of enjoying parenthood for many childless couples.
    III. The ex-students were outraged at the way in which the good name of their alma mater was being ________.
    (a) surrogate
    (b) sullied
    I-(b), II-(b) & III-(b)
    I-(a), II- (a) &III-(b)
    I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)
    I-(a),II-(a) & III-(a)
    None of the above
    Option B
    The noun ‘surrogate’ means “a substitute, especially someone deputizing for another in a specific role or office” (appropriately fills sentence I). As an adjective used in the medical parlance, ‘surrogate’ means “the process of birth of a child through surrogacy i.e. use of a substitute parent” (appropriately fills sentence II).
    ‘Sullied’ is a verb that means “to damage the purity and integrity of.” (appropriately fills sentence III)

     

  11. I. Due to the scarcity of rainfall, there is ______ on drawing water from the village well.
    II. As long as the temperature remains within the ______, there is no danger.
    III. He was literally shot dead at the ________ of his own house.
    (a) threshold
    (b) restriction
    I-(a), II-(b) & III-(b)
    I-(b), II- (a) &III-(a)
    I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)
    I-(a),II-(a) & III-(b)
    None of the above
    Option B
    The word ‘restriction’ means “a limiting condition or measure, usually issued or imposed by a legal or administrative authority” (appropriately fills sentence I)
    The word ‘threshold’ has multiple meanings. It means “the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for certain reaction, phenomenon or condition to occur” (appropriately fills sentence II)
    It also means “a strip of wood or stone forming the bottom of a doorway and crossed in entering a house or a room” (appropriately fills sentence III)

     

  12. I. Although he was dirty, hungry and tired, a hot shower and a cup of hot coffee seemed to _________ him in no time.
    II. This ________ hostility between the two nations that has been a highlight of their existence for more than 70 years.
    III. By the time he was 30, he had turned into an ________ gambler.
    (a) inveterate
    (b) invigorate
    I-(a), II-(b) & III-(b)
    I-(b), II (a) & III-(b)
    I-(b), II-(a) & III-(a)
    I-(a), II-(a) & III-(b)
    None of the above
    Option C
    The word ‘inveterate’ is an adjective with two different meanings:
    i. It means “(of a feeling or habit) long-established and unlikely to change” (appropriately fills sentence II)
    ii. It also means “having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change” (appropriately fills sentence III)
    The verb ‘invigorate’ means “to give strength or energy to” (appropriately fills sentence I)

     

 

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