The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Set 104

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, LIC, NABARD, SEBI, SSC, UPSC, IPPB, etc.

We are providing vocabulary words from the Editorial articles in The Hindu newspaper which is important for all the upcoming competitive exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

 

TOPIC – In free fall

Lebanon, which has been battling multiple crises for the last couple of years, is on the brink of an economic collapse. The meltdown that forced the country to default on its bonds in 2019 for the first time since its independence in 1943 was aggravated by last year’s Beirut port blast. The explosion that killed over 200 people and wounded about 7,000 others on August 4, 2020 is estimated to have caused damage worth $15 billion. The blast has also deepened the country’s political crisis as Lebanon has been ruled by a caretaker government ever since. The Mediterranean country is now reeling under a severe economic downturn, medicine, food and fuel shortages and rising crimes. Recently, its central bank stated that it could no longer finance fuel imports at subsidized rates citing depleted reserves. Fuel shortages have led to chaotic scenes across the country. Last week, at least 28 people were killed in the country’s north when a fuel tank exploded while locals were scrambling for its fuel. UNICEF has warned that millions of Lebanese are facing a severe water shortage. The economic crisis has pushed more than half the population into poverty, while the currency value has fallen by 90%. According to the World Bank, Lebanon’s GDP per capita fell by 40% in dollar terms between 2018 and 2020, while real GDP contracted by 20.3% in 2020. The Bank assesses that even with quick reforms; it will take years before the economy gets back to its pre-crisis size. Since the Beirut blast, President Michel Aoun appointed three Prime Minister designates. Two of them stepped down after having failed to form a government. According to Lebanon’s Constitution, the President should be a Maronite Christian, the Prime Minister a Sunni, and the Parliament Speaker a Shia. Political parties are divided largely along sectarian lines. The PM designates, who were Sunni politicians or technocrats, often failed to bring together the country’s different political factions, including that of President Aoun. In late July, former Prime Minister Najib Mikati was tasked with forming the next government. He is yet to conclude talks with other political blocs. With the country facing a severe fuel shortage, Hezbollah, the powerful Shia militia-cum-political party, has moved to import fuel directly from Iran. Hezbollah says it is trying to ease the country’s fuel situation while its opponents say the move is aimed at drawing Lebanon further into the Iranian orbit and could be counterproductive as oil deals with Iran could attract sanctions from the U.S. Lebanon’s politicians have sought fresh loans from the IMF, but the fund will release money only if the government commits itself to reforms. For that, Lebanon has to form a government first. Lebanon’s political elites should realize that the country is facing a once in a century crisis, set aside their sectarian politics, and come together to form a stable government. If not, nothing can stop the country’s free fall.

The Hindu Editorial Words with meanings, synonyms, and antonyms

 

Brink (noun) – A region marking a boundary

Synonyms – Verge, extremity, flange, precipice, littoral

Antonyms – Crux, essence, ditch, furrow, cynosure

 

Aggravated (adjective) – Especially deliberately

Synonyms – Irked, vexed, exasperated, peeved, disgruntled

Antonyms – Ameliorated, alleviated, genial, humored, relieved

 

Depleted (adjective) – No longer sufficient

Synonyms – Impoverished, dissipated, barren, effete, sapped

Antonyms – Abundant, aborted, affluent, ditched, chockablock

 

Chaotic (adjective) – Completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing

Synonyms – Messy, tumultuous, turbulent, anarchic, shambolic

Antonyms – Methodical, harmonized, immaculate, perfectionist, tame

 

Scrambling (adjective) – Confused and irregular

Synonyms – Scampering, boisterous, motocross, bustling, clamber

Antonyms – Codify, marshal, regulate, structure, tidy

 

Designates (verb) – Indicate a place, direction, person, or thing

Synonyms – Depute, indicates, delegate, beckons, christens

Antonyms – Connotes, disorganize, disperse, reject, scatter

 

Technocrats (noun) – An expert who is a member of a highly skilled elite group

Synonyms – Gearhead, geek, techie, technophile, cracker

 

Antonyms – Computerphobe, technophobe, republican, moderate

 

Sanctions (noun) – Formal and explicit approval

Synonyms – Confirmations, privileges, pledges, mandates, assents

Antonyms – Baffles, dismissals, embargoes, exclusions, abrogates

 

Elites (adjective) – Selected as the best

Synonyms – Peerages, aristocracies, patriciates, nobilities, nonpareils,

Antonyms – Proletariats, plebeians rabble, scum, masses

 

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