The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Set 139

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, LIC, NABARD, SEBI, SSC, UPSC, IPPB, etc.

We are providing vocabulary words from the Editorial articles in The Hindu newspaper which is important for all the upcoming competitive exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

 

TOPIC Handling complexity

Bringing to close speculation about the winner of the Physics Nobel prize this year, the Nobel committee decided to award a trio of researchers. One-half went to Syukuro Manabe of Princeton University, U.S., and Klaus Hasselmann of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, for their work in climate science. In the long line of researchers who estimated the warming of the atmosphere due to gases in it, Syukuro Manabe’s modeling, in collaboration with others — and over decades — is a classic work that showed, even in the 1960s, that the atmosphere would undergo another 2.3° C warming with the doubling of carbon dioxide content. Klaus Hasselmann Identified a way of treating the random noise-like variations of the weather, devising a method to generate useful “signals” on the scale of the climate. Of interest was the way these models could show the effect of human activities on the climate. The other half of the prize, to Giorgio Parisi from the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, is for developing a method to sensibly study complex condensed matter systems called “spin glasses” — an outstanding feat in both mathematical and physical innovation. The idea to break what is called “replica symmetry”, seen in a spin glass, in a consistent manner, which was his contribution, led to a method to study one of the simplest models of a genuinely complex system. His work has helped solve problems in mathematics, biology, and neuroscience; for instance, how memory is stored in networks of nerve cells. What ties together the seemingly disparate works — the climate science work by Syukuro and Hasselmann on the one hand and theoretical condensed matter physics work by Parisi on the other — is that both describe complex physical systems. Physics is often thought of as a science of simple systems, and it is mostly celebrated and sometimes chided for this. Even rocket science, which inspires awe for its grandeur and accuracy, is mostly the study of so-called simple systems. Complexity arises when there are many, many interacting pieces in the system, with each moving in an independent way. The deceptively easy-looking problem of water rushing out of a tap is notoriously difficult to understand as to when it makes a transition from a simple streamlined flow to a complex turbulent flow. The Nobel winners this year have handled such complex systems and developed tools to get meaningful, quantitative results out of them. Notable in this is the climate scientists’ work, which makes it obvious where science stands on the issue of global warming and estimates the human fingerprint on climate change. With the COP26 summit drawing close, the Nobel committee’s decision only underscores the need to take this into account.

The Hindu Editorial Words with meanings, synonyms, and antonyms

 

Devising (verb) – To create or think of by clever use of the imagination

Synonyms – Concocting, contriving, excogitating, hatching, fabricating

Antonyms – Cloning, imitating, mimicking, replicating, reproducing

 

Consistent (adjective) – Acting or done in the same way over time, especially so as to be fair or accurate

Synonyms – Accordant, felicitous, congruous, coherent, befitting

Antonyms – Inapt, infelicitous, conflictive, inharmonious

 

Disparate (adjective) – Essentially different in kind; not able to be compared

Synonyms – Assorted, multitudinous, eclectic, conglomerate, farraginous

Antonyms – Cognate, tantamount, congenial, perpetual, unanimous

 

Chided (verb) – Scold or rebuke

Synonyms – Berate, castigate, upbraid, lambaste, objurgate

Antonyms – Exonerate, flatter, exculpate, applaud, extoll

 

Grandeur (noun) – Splendor and impressiveness, especially of appearance or style

Synonyms – Sumptuousness, opulence, pomp, pageant, dazzle

Antonyms –Austerity, drabness, tawdriness, squalor, frivolity

 

Deceptively (adverb) – In an untruthful manner

Synonyms – Slickly, snidely, shrewdly, glibly, evasively

Antonyms – Bluntly, bluffly, explicitly, forthrightly, candidly

 

Notoriously (adverb) – Used to emphasize that a quality or fact, typically a bad one, is well known

Synonyms – Renownedly, prominently, infamously, scandalously

Antonyms –Obscurely, nondescriptly, facelessly, unknowingly

 

Turbulent (adjective) – Characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion

Synonyms –Boisterous, raucous, termagant, frenzied, rumbustious

Antonyms –Amenable, acquiescent, obsequious, duteous, assentive

 

Obvious (adjective) – Easily perceived or understood

Synonyms –Palpable, discernible, axiomatic, flagrant, perspicuous

Antonyms –Fuzzy, cryptic, enigmatic, gauzy, murky

 

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