The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Set 152

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, LIC, NABARD, SEBI, SSC, UPSC, IPPB, etc.

We are providing vocabulary words from the Editorial articles in The Hindu newspaper which is important for all the upcoming competitive exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

 

TOPIC – Fuel price optics

The Centre finally decided last week to relent and act on the advice of monetary policymakers by cutting the excise duty on petrol and diesel by ₹5 and ₹10 a liter, respectively. The duty reduction, announced on the eve of Deepavali, immediately helped lower the retail prices of the two fuels by at least about 5% and 11%, respectively. And on the Government’s urging, more than 20 States and Union Territories also reduced the VAT levied on the fuel products, thereby enhancing the relief provided to consumers from record pump prices. While the Centre asserted that the decision was to impart a fillip to the reviving economy, as well as easing inflationary pressure, the political significance of its timing was hard to overlook, coming a day after the ruling BJP suffered electoral reverses in some legislative and parliamentary by polls. That the Government  was keen to make political capital out of its belated reduction of levies was made obvious two days later, when it sought to call out the States — almost all ruled by Opposition parties — that were yet to make commensurate VAT reductions. With a clutch of crucial State elections, including to the prized U.P. Assembly, due early next year, the BJP is keen to regain control of the narrative, especially given the heightened public concern over inflation and the surge in fuel prices. As far as the economy is concerned, the reduction in fuel bills is bound to have a salutary impact on inflation as diesel is the main fuel for freight carriage and impacts the cost of everything requiring to be transported. The softening in transportation costs ought to provide some cushion to the manufacturing sector, which has had to cope with surging input prices at a time when demand is still tenuous. The additional cash left in the wallets of consumers may also provide a small bump in consumption though the durability of this stimulus will hinge on how global oil prices behave in the coming weeks and months. Global oil prices have been on a boil this year and the World Bank group projected last month that average crude prices would end 2021 with a gain of about 70%. With the Indian crude basket having risen on average almost 62% in the 10 months through October and the historical trend suggesting a firming of prices towards the yearend when the northern hemisphere’s winter usually pushes up energy demand, there is a real risk that Indian refiners may be left with little option but to continue raising retail prices. The onus would then be again on the Centre to make further cuts to the duty it had raised last year. States run by other parties should take the cue from Tamil Nadu and Punjab and bring down the prices at the outlets, and not hold back for political or revenue reasons.

 

The Hindu Editorial Words with meanings, synonyms, and antonyms 

 

Relent (verb) – To give up one’s resistance against an enemy or opponent

Synonyms – Succumb, capitulate, accede, budge, acquiesce

Antonyms – Resist, harden, ascend, advance, augment

 

Asserted (verb) – State a fact or belief confidently and forcefully

Synonyms – Corroborated, vouched, elucidated, evidenced, unraveled

Antonyms – Refuted, contravened, confuted, negated, rebutted

 

Impart (verb) – Make (information) known

Synonyms – Divulge, promulgate, disseminate, intimate, articulate

Antonyms – Stifle, cloak, enshroud, obfuscate, repudiate

 

Reviving (verb) – Restore to life or consciousness

Synonyms – Resurrect, revivify, resuscitate, rejuvenate, defibrillate

Antonyms – Quash, rescind, eradicate, nullify, obliterate

 

Obvious (adjective) – Easily perceived or understood

Synonyms – Manifestly, blatantly, palpably, ostensibly, overtly

Antonyms –Vaguely, feasibly, plausibly, obscurely, improbably

 

Commensurate (adjective) – Corresponding in size or degree

Synonyms – Coextensive, analogous, cognate, kindred, tantamount

Antonyms – Incompatible, lopsided, discordant, mismatched, inordinate

 

 Tenuous (adjective) – Very weak or slight

Synonyms –Attenuated, gossamer, slender, ethereal, twiggy

Antonyms –Substantial, leaden, sane, steady, reliable

 

Hinge (noun) – A point at which parts of a structure are joined

Synonyms –Juncture, seam, splice, nexus, suture

Antonyms –Sublux, disengage, luxate, dislocate, slip

 

Onus (noun) – Something that is one’s duty or responsibility

Synonyms –Obligation, albatross, incumbency, devoir, prerogative

Antonyms –Privilege, boon, desertion, sloppiness, dereliction

 

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