The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Set 157

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, LIC, NABARD, SEBI, SSC, UPSC, IPPB, etc.

We are providing vocabulary words from the Editorial articles in The Hindu newspaper which is important for all the upcoming competitive exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.


TOPIC – Exception to the rule

The new law authorising an extension of the services of the heads of the Central Bureau of Investigation and the Enforcement Directorate until they complete a total tenure of five years will seriously compromise the autonomy of those agencies. It goes against the spirit of the Supreme Court judgment in Vineet Narain vs. Union of India (1997) which laid down a dictum that the Directors of the CBI and the ED should have a minimum tenure of two years. This was to prevent their sudden transfer out of office if their functioning goes against the interests of the regime of the day. While it did not specifically bar longer terms or extensions, the prospect of getting an annual extension can be an incentive for displaying regime loyalty in the discharge of their duties. Significantly, in the case of the present Director of Enforcement, S.K. Mishra, who was appointed for two years in November 2018, his services were extended by an order on November 13, 2020, which amended the original term of appointment from two years to three years. That the changes were brought in through the ordinance route in November raises a doubt whether the Government is keen on retaining him at the helm. Given that the central agencies have drawn much criticism for their focus on personages linked to Opposition parties, such a measure will be seen as a reward for guided functioning instead of a necessity to keep ongoing investigations on track. As it is, the fixed tenure for certain posts means their superannuation within that period will not end their term. In effect, there is an implied extension for an officer appointed to one of these protected posts if the appointment comes within two years of retirement. A further extension that will take the offers’ services well beyond superannuation that too one year at a time, will render the heads of two investigating agencies unacceptably beholden to the Government. Also, in Mr. Mishra’s case, the Supreme Court declined to interfere with the one-year addition to his original term of appointment, but also said that “extension of tenure granted to officers who have attained the age of superannuation should be done only in rare and exceptional cases”. And that the further extension should only be for “a short period”. It also made it clear that no further extension shall be granted to him. It is possible that the Government will abide by this order and not give the benefit of the amendment to Mr. Mishra, but it does not render the act of authorizing year-on-year extensions to future appointees any less detrimental to the public interest. The protection given by a fixed tenure and the use of a high-ranking committee to recommend appointments and transfers were meant to dilute the ‘doctrine of pleasure’ implicit in civil service. However, it may be breached, if the extension allowed in exceptional circumstances becomes the rule.


The Hindu Editorial Words with meanings, synonyms, and antonyms 


Compromise (noun) – An agreement or settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions

Synonyms – Covenant, disposition, stipulation, assent, entente

Antonyms – Feud, wrangle, contention, dissension, disputation


Dictum (noun) – A formal pronouncement from an authoritative source

Synonyms – Assertion, promulgation, decretal, behest, enactment

Antonyms – Disapproval, opposition, lawlessness, ambiguity, absurdity


Extensions (noun) – The action or process of enlarging or extending something

Synonyms – Elongation, augmentation, perpetuation, dilatation, stretch

Antonyms – Curtailment, abstract, epitome, conspectus, truncation


Amended (adjective) – Having been subject to an alteration or change to fit a different circumstance or medium

Synonyms – Mutated, incompatible, distorted, overhauled

Antonyms – Unexpurgated, arrant, conclusive, unabridged, indubitable


Attained (verb) – Succeed in achieving (something that one has worked for)

Synonyms – Wangled, reaped, clinched, snagged, gleaned

Antonyms –Abdicated, ditched, forfeited, deserted, halted


Abide (verb) – Accept or act in accordance with

Synonyms – Endure, linger, prevail, tarry, persist

Antonyms – Lapse, cease, elapse, abstain, eschew


 Detrimental (adjective) – Tending to cause harm

Synonyms –Pernicious, inimical, nocuous, crippling, baleful

Antonyms –Anodyne, innoxious, salubrious, propitious


Implicit (adjective) – Suggested though not directly expressed

Synonyms –Inferred, deducible, aphonic, allusive, implicative

Antonyms –Discernible, overt, blatant, phonetic, luculent


Breached (verb) – Make a gap in and break through

Synonyms –Cleft, aperture, interstice, hiatus, perforation

Antonyms –Juncture, occlusion, conjugality, connubiality, conformity


Click here for more English Vocabulary sets

Related posts

Leave a Comment