The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Set 60

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, LIC, NABARD, SEBI, SSC, UPSC, IPPB, etc.

We are providing vocabulary words from the Editorial articles in The Hindu newspaper which is important for all the upcoming competitive exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

 

TOPIC – Engage Iran

The U.S.’s decision to block dozens of Iran-linked websites at a time when both countries are trying to revive the nuclear deal is unnecessary provocation. The U.S. has accused the sites, including Iran’s state-owned Press TV, of spreading disinformation. In the past, the U.S. had cracked down on Chinese and Iranian media over similar allegations. The move comes days after Iran elected Ebrahim Raisi, a hardline cleric, as President. The election of Mr. Raisi, who has been sanctioned by the U.S. for his alleged role in the execution of political prisoners and other rights violations, has already escalated tensions between the two countries. Iran’s sharp response to the move on the websites has been that the U.S. was trying to “muzzle free speech”. Even if one ignores Iran’s rhetoric, the U.S.’s move hardly serves its declared purpose of fighting disinformation. When America seized the website of the semi-official Iranian news agency, Fars, in 2018, it switched to an Iranian domain and was back online. The U.S. should not act like despotic regimes that take knee­jerk actions towards media platforms with critical coverage. The way to fight disinformation campaigns is to promote information and strengthen independent journalism. Besides aiding the Iranian narrative that America remains hostile, the U.S. decision could also create hitches in the diplomatic process underway. The Biden administration had hoped for reaching an agreement with Tehran on reviving the nuclear deal before the June 18 Iran presidential election. After multiple rounds of indirect talks in Vienna, along with other world powers, a final agreement has not been reached, but all parties have expressed faith in talks. The Biden administration had shown a willingness to reverse Donald Trump’s maximum pressure policy and revive the deal that would cut off Iran’s path towards the bomb in return for lifting sanctions. Iran, embattled by sanctions, economic woes, and protests, has responded positively to the U.S.’s overtures. But there have been bottlenecks. One, when the Trump administration pulled the U.S. out of the nuclear deal and reimposed sanctions, Iran started rebuilding its nuclear program with higher-level fuel enrichment and production of centrifuges. Now, the U.S. wants Iran to return to the terms of the original agreement, while the Iranians want the sanctions lifted first. Two, the Biden administration also wants to discuss Iran’s ballistic missile program and its regional activities. Mr. Raisi has rejected such demands outright. Known for his hardline domestic and foreign policy views, he would take over the presidency in early August. Mr. Biden’s best chance to revive the nuclear deal is to do it before then. Both sides should focus on the diplomatic path, aimed at achieving a pragmatic agreement first that addresses the most critical issues — Iran’s expanding nuclear program and America’s sprawling sanctions regime.

 

The Hindu Editorial Words with meanings, synonyms, and antonyms 

 

Provocation (noun) – Unfriendly behavior that causes anger

Synonyms – Incitement, aggravation, affront, vexation, arousal

Antonyms – Pacification, intercession, alleviator, accession, cinch

 

Escalated (verb) – To go up

Synonyms – Intensified, soared, ascended, bestrode, proliferated

Antonyms – Lessened, nethermost, receded, circumscribed

 

Rhetoric (noun) – Using language effectively to please

Synonyms – Oratory, grandiloquence, eloquence, elocution, verbosity

Antonyms – Gibberish, dialect, jargon, patois, argot

 

Despotic (adjective) – Characteristic of an absolute ruler

Synonyms – Tyrannical, authoritarian, imperious, fascist, draconian

Antonyms – Amenable, humble, bounteous, indecisive, condign

 

Hostile (adjective) – Not belonging to your own country’s forces

 

Synonyms – Antagonistic, bitter, uncongenial, warlike, inimical

Antonyms – Amicable, cordial, genial, affable, convivial

 

Hitches (noun) – A period of time spent in military service

Synonyms – Snags, braids, straps, welds, tethers

Antonyms – Boon, detaches, venture, assistance

 

Bottlenecks (noun) – A narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel

Synonyms – Congestion, logjams, chokes, constriction, crimps

Antonyms – Clearances, advantage, benefits, aids, give rise to

 

Centrifuges (verb) – Rotate at a very high speed in order to separate the liquids from the solids

Synonyms – Sieves, buzzers, colanders, meshes, colanders

Antonyms – Blenders, connector, afferent, centralising

 

Revive (verb) – Give new life

Synonyms – Revitalize, reanimate, stimulate, vivify, recuperate

Antonyms – Abate, annihilate, perish, afflict, dampen

 

Pragmatic (adjective) – Concerned with practical matters

Synonyms – Sensible, hardheaded, utilitarian, empirical, existential

Antonyms – Idealistic, quixotic, fanciful, rabid, insane

 

Sprawling (adjective) – Spreading out in different directions

Synonyms – Straggling, recumbent, prostrate, reclining, resupine

Antonyms – Cramped, impervious, arduous, hermetic, obdurate

 

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