Mixed English Questions Set 86 (Based on SBI PO Mains 2017)

The set contains English questions based on questions asked in SBI PO 2017 Mains Exam. 

Direction (1-5): In each questions below, a Theme has been given followed by three passage. You have to determine which passage is based on the given theme and mark it as your option. More than one passage can be based on the given theme that is highlighted in bold.

  1. Terror and the Internet

    (A) Terrorists increasingly are using the Internet as a means of communication both with each other and the rest of the world. By now, nearly everyone has seen at least some images from propaganda videos published on terrorist sites and rebroadcast on the world’s news networks. Western governments have intensified surveillance of such sites but their prosecution of site operators is hampered by concerns over civil liberties, the Internet’s inherent anonymity, and other factors.

    (B) For most of the 20th century, counterterrorism and technology coexisted in a one-sided relationship. In large part, law enforcement and the military adapted the technologies that were commercially available to their needs That relationship may simply be inadequate for addressing the challenges of the 21st century. Meeting the test of terrorism will likely require a more proactive approach to technological innovation-betting on the future: formulating clear requirements, prioritizing needs, establishing cooperative means to foster the development of technologies, and building the human and financial capital programs necessary to transition and sustain them as effective anti-terrorism tools.(C) Three jihadist attacks in Britain in as many months have led to a flood of suggestions about how to fight terrorism, from more police and harsher jail sentences to new legal powers. But one idea has gained momentum in both Europe and America—that internet firms are doing the jihadists’ work for them. Technology giants, such as Google and Facebook, are accused of turning a blind eye to violent online propaganda and other platforms of allowing terrorists to communicate with each other out of reach of the intelligence services.
    A) Only (A)

    B) Only (B)
    C) All (A), (B) and (C)
    D) Both (A) and (C)
    E) Both (A) and (B)

    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation: Clearly the passage (A) and (C) show the relation between terrorism and Internet. Passage (B) talks about technology. Internet is only a part of technology. So we cannot accept (B) as based on the given theme.
  2. Eye in the sky

    (A) Once upon a time (about 3.7 billion years ago, to be exact), there was rain on Mars. In fact there was enough liquid water on the Red Planet to create vast valley networks and overflowing crater lakes. But these conditions didn’t last long. The poor planet lost its atmosphere and became a frozen wasteland. Based on geologic evidence, scientists are confident rain fell on ancient Mars. But how much rain? In the September 1st issue of Icarus, Robert Craddock (Smithsonian Institution) and Ralph Lorenz (Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory) take a fun foray into the past, exploring how Martian rainfall might have changed with time and how much of an impact the rain could have had on the surface.

    (B) Paul Xu of DJI lists photography as one of five areas of opportunity for commercial drones, along with agriculture, construction, inspection, and public safety and other civil-government uses. Once you have a flying camera, there are lots of things you can do with it. Agriculture, and measuring the health of crops in particular, was identified early on as a promising market for commercial drones. Crop health can be assessed by taking pictures using special multispectral cameras which “see” more than the human eye. By measuring the relative intensity of colour in particular frequency bands, they can identify undernourished or diseased crops.(C) GSAT-9 is a new geostationary communication satellite launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, India, in May 2017. The satellite was developed for approximately Rs4.5bn ($70m). The spacecraft offers Ku-band communication applications with coverage across South Asia, including India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan.
    A) Only (A)

    B) Only (B)
    C) Only (C)
    D) Both (B) and (C)
    E) Both (A) and (C)

    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation: (B) is about drones used for inspection of various things like agriculture which they are in air (while flying in the sky). SO this is based on the given theme.
    (C) is about satellite. Here communication satellite has been mentioned. They are not used for keeping eye on anything. So passage (C) is not based on the given theme. Passage (A) is also not based on the given theme.
  3. The bane of brilliance

    (A) A debut novel is indeed special being an author’s first attempt to make a mark among readers. On this count Aayush’s “Toppers” (Penguin) has done well as the lucidly written fiction with well etched characters deals what all of us have faced in life – to be the best or at least be judged as best in the school. Confiding that he had a pretty uneventful life as compared to the machinations in his story, Aayush says his school life inspired this book. “There is this fascination with toppers when you’re in school, the obsession with brilliance leaves a mark on you. And some of my best friends in school were toppers, but most of them were so misunderstood. Yes, being the apple of the teachers’ eyes is great, but the expectations are backbreaking.

    (B) What is mankind’s greatest invention? Ask people this question and they are likely to pick familiar technologies such as printing or electricity. They are unlikely to suggest an innovation that is just as significant: the financial contract. Widely disliked and often considered grubby, it has nonetheless played an indispensable role in human development for at least 7,000 years. At its core, finance does just two simple things. It can act as an economic time machine, helping savers transport today’s surplus income into the future, or giving borrowers access to future earnings now. It can also act as a safety net, insuring against floods, fires or illness. By providing these two kinds of service, a well-tuned financial system smooths away life’s sharpest ups and downs, making an uncertain world more predictable. In addition, as investors seek out people and companies with the best ideas, finance acts as an engine of growth.(C) Who wouldn’t want to be a star employee? The salary is nice, as is the chance to climb to the top and tell others what to do. The downside is that your co-workers may hate you. The notion that jealous managers bully high-performing underlings, whom they see as a threat to the social order, has been well researched. But management theorists now say it is not only small-minded bosses that star workers need to overcome; it is also their colleagues. High performers have their lives made difficult in other ways, too. A study by Gráinne Fitzsimons of Duke University showed that the most talented employees tend to have extra work dumped on them—not only the high-powered tasks they might relish, but also mundane chores, such as organising meetings.

    A) Only (A)
    B) Only (C)
    C) Both (A) and (C)
    D) Both (A) and (B)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)

    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : Bane is something that causes misery. Now how Brilliance can cause misery is explained in passage (C).
  4. Mercy is the noblest form of revenge

    (A) To forgive an injury is often considered to be sign of weakness. It is really a sign of strength. It is easy to allow oneself to be carried away by resentment and hate into an act of vengeance; but it takes a strong character to restrain those natural passions. The man who forgives an injury proves himself to be the superior of the man who wronged him, and puts the wrong-doer to shame. Forgiveness may even turn a foe into a friend.

    (B) In all our lives there is one such person, who knows you very well,but waits for the perfect moment to put you down.You want to avenge the insult and wait for the right time. And this goes on and on and on…just like a chain reaction. Revenge is an integral part of human nature. It may no do us any good but I have to accept it, that, it gives an immense sense of satisfaction. The only problem with revenge is; it is a two sided sword. You may get back more than what you give. To forgive an injury is often considered to be a sign of weakness; or is it a sign of strength ?? It is really easy to get carried away by resentment and hate into acts of vengeance; but it takes a strong character to restrain those natural instincts. The man who forgives a harm done to himself, proves to be superior than man who does the harm, and puts the wrong doer in shame. Forgiveness turns a foe into friend.(C) Forgiveness is that quality in a human being which separates him from the animals and the lower forms of living beings. To preach forgiveness is a simple task but to practice forgiveness in real life is the essence of life. Only a person with extreme humbleness imbibed within and a feeling of compassion for his compatriot is able to practice forgiveness! To forgive requires that the forgiver forgoes all the sufferings of the past that may have been inflicted upon him by the gruesome acts of the indulgent. A tough task indeed but not something that cannot be practised! In most circumstances one may not have committed any sin, still practising forgiveness brings within us a feeling of extreme calm and compassion for the mankind in general. Practice of forgiveness normally cannot be practiced by the common man for it requires practising patience to its extreme.
    A) Only (B)

    B) Both (A) and (B)
    C) Both (A) and (C)
    D) Both (B) and (C)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)

    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation: Both passage (A) and (B) are based on the given theme, while passage (C) taks only about forgiveness and there is no relation about how mercy/forgiveness is a noble form of revenge
  5. The emancipation of women in India

    (A) Is there any woman or man who does not love freedom? Freedom is the birthright of every human being; even beasts and birds love freedom. All lives thrive best when they are free. Freedom and responsibility bring out the best from the individual and the race. Therefore, did we, Indians do penance all these years to free India from foreign yoke. We welcome the day of Independence for India. Because freedom for India means freedom for every man and woman and child. The emancipation of women has always been closely bound up with the struggle for political freedom.

    (B) In India, there have been infinite variations in the status of women, in accordance with the cultural milieu, structure of the family, caste, class, etc. Strangely enough, the struggle for the restoration of the status and dignity of women in India which they enjoyed in ancient India was undertaken by the men themselves. Major issues like the abolition of sati etc. were taken up by early social reformers like Dwarka Math and Raja Ram Mohun Roy. Again, it was a man, Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, who created a social consciousness which ultimately made it possible for legislative measures to legalise widow remarriage. The practice of child marriage was abolished in 1929. Women in India were given voting rights in 1935, that is 10 years before French women and 11 years before Italian women.(C) The woman in ancient India played a different role from that of western woman. She was held in high esteem as Devi, Mata and Adhishakti or energy from I which every thing else sprang. She was not a symbol of weakness, but of Chaitanya or consciousness. Yet she was exploited and ill – treated an; condemned as an evil influence. There is an emotional relationship between a man and a woman. In India it is relationship between two souls. The union is considered sacred. A correct relationship should be based on useful and honorable term between two equals, with different responsibilities.
    A) Only (A)

    B) Only (B)
    C) Only (C)
    D) Both (A) and (B)
    E) None of these

    View Answer
    Option B

Direction (6-10): In each question a sentence is given followed by a blank. Each blank is followed by three options and you have to determine which option can be used in place of blank to give a meaningful sentence and mark it as your answer.

  1. Family businesses are different from other sorts—they are held together by strands of DNA as well as the logic of profit. They are rich in scarce resources, such as loyalty and flexibility, _________________
    (A) not a bunch of political hacks.
    (B) but also suffer from extreme challenges, such as family feuds and wayward patriarchs.
    (C) offering steak for the rich in the form of tax cuts but cheap labour and a bit of patriotic sizzle for the masses.
    A) Only (B)
    B) Only (C)
    C) Both (A) and (B)
    D) Both (B) and (C)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : Only sentence (B) gives the correct meaning of the sentence.
  2. Ever since its launch on August 15, 1969, the Indian Space Research Organisation has come a long distance to create a legacy of success and made India proud by ___________________
    (A) not only excelling in the field of space technology but also by producing cost-efficient, reliable models of gigantic rockets.
    (B) launching 104 satellites on a single rocket, which has made some countries around the world go green with envy.
    (C) discovering water on moon.
    A) Only (B)
    B) Only (C)
    C) Both (A) and (B)
    D) Both (B) and (C)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)
    View Answer
    Option E
    Explanation
    : All (A), (B) and (C) are things that can make ISRO proud.
  3. Few countries are fiddlier than India when it comes to paying taxes; the World Bank ranks it 157th out of 189 for simplicity. Both the central government and powerful state legislatures ______________
    (A) have a complex taxation system making it difficult for the taxpayers to pay the taxes.
    (B) impose a dizzying array of charges.
    (C) will force vast swathes of the economy into the reach of the taxman.
    A) Only (B)
    B) Only (C)
    C) Both (A) and (B)
    D) Both (A) and (C)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : Both (A) and (B) support the previous sentence that the tax system in India is complex. (C) is opposite to it.
  4. MUCH of the European Union is still smarting from Britain’s vote to leave the club on June 23rd, according to data released on August 4th by Ipsos Mori, a pollster. In the nine member states surveyed, __________________________.
    (A) 55% think an exit vote was a bad choice for Britain, while 58% think it was also bad for the EU as a whole.
    (B) only 35% of those polled in seven countries with big economies think Britain made a mistake.
    (C) on average 42% of people who did not finish secondary school thought it was the wrong choice, compared with 58% of those who had been to university.
    A) Only (A)
    B) Only (C)
    C) Both (A) and (C)
    D) Both (B) and (C)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : Both (A) and (C) give an idea about the survey. While (B) is contradictory to the given sentence as the sentence mention nine member states were survey, while (B) says that seven countries were surveyed.
  5. Among the glories that archaeologists have unearthed at Must Farm, or “Britain’s Pompeii”, as some in the profession giddily dub it, ___________________.
    (A) is no shortage of archaeology enthusiasts.
    (B) is the first set of stacked bowls from the Bronze Age.
    (C) is setting up a plethora of apprenticeships. At least while this work goes on, the investments in Britain’s future will carry it back to its past.
    A) Only (B)
    B) Only (C)
    C) Only (A)
    D) Both (B) and (C)
    E) All (A), (B) and (C)
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : The blank part should mention the thing or things that has/have been unearthed by the archeologists. Option (B) is hence the only option suitable.

 

 

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