# Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Questions — Set 36

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number/word arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: 12 east 53 lamp upper 82 push anger 41 code 61 32
Step 1: angle east 53 lamp upper 82 push 41 code 61 32 24
Step 2: code angle east 53 lamp upper 82 push 41 61 24 44
Step 3: east code angle 53 lamp upper 82 push 61 24 44 51
Step 4: lamp east code angle upper 82 push 61 24 44 51 69
Step 5: upper lamp east code angle 82 push 24 44 51 69 71
Step 6: push upper lamp east code angle 24 44 51 69 71 94

This is the final arrangement and step 6 is the last step for this input.

Input: mile game 13 open 63 32 iron 81 rope 52 earn 21

1. What is the position of ‘rope’ in step 4 from right end?
A) 7th
B) 9th
C) 5th
D) 6th
E) 8th
Option C
Explanation:
Words: taken alphabetically (first vowel, then consonant) in alternate steps starting from step 1
Numbers taken in ascending order in each step. While arranging, the first digit of number is increased by 1 and second is squared.
So 12 changes to (1+1)(2*2) = 24

53 changes to (5+1)(3*3) = 69… so on.
Now::
Input: mile game 13 open 63 32 iron 81 rope 52 earn 21
Step 1: earn mile game open 63 32 iron 81 rope 52 21 29
Step 2: game earn mile open 63 32 iron 81 rope 52 29 31
Step 3: iron game earn mile open 63 81 rope 52 29 31 44
Step 4: mile iron game earn open 63 81 rope 29 31 44 64
Step 5: open  mile iron game earn 81 rope 29 31 44 64 79
Step 6: rope open mile iron game earn 29 31 44 64 79 91
2. In step 6, if ‘game’ is related to ‘31’ in the same way as in step 3, ‘81’ is related to ‘29’ in a certain way, then in step 2, ‘mile’ is related to which of the following in the same way?
A) 63
B) 32
C) iron
D) 81
E) game
Option B
3. What is the sum of numbers – 5th from the left end in step 2 and 5th from the right end in step 5?
A) 88
B) 117
C) 103
D) 95
E) 92
Option E
63 + 29 = 92
4. In which of the following step number do the words/numbers ‘63 81 rope 29’ occur together?
A) 2
B) 4
C) 3
D) 6
E) 5
Option B
5. How many words/numbers are there between ‘iron’ and ’29’ in step 5?
A) 2
B) 5
C) 3
D) 4
E) None of these
Option D

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number/word arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: over 73 26 egal urges 56 42 49 ick act
Step 1: surges over 73 26 egal 56 42 49 ick act
Step 2: 38 surges over 26 egal 56 42 49 ick act
Step 3: rover 38 surges 26 egal 56 42 49 ick act
Step 4: 66 rover 38 surges 26 egal 42 49 ick act
Step 5: kick 66 rover 38 surges 26 egal 42 49 act
Step 6: 95 kick 66 rover 38 surges 26 egal 42 act
Step 7: legal 95 kick 66 rover 38 surges 26 42 act
Step 8: 25 legal 95 kick 66 rover 38 surges 26 act
Step 9: tact 25 legal 95 kick 66 rover 38 surges 26

Step 10: 63 tact 25 legal 95 kick 66 rover 38 surges

This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.

Input: anger 16 ump 63 eaten 22 41 ides 39 orts

1. What is the position of ‘pump’ in step 7 from right end?
A) 7th
B) 9th
C) 5th
D) 6th
E) 4th
Option E
Explanation:
Words: taken alphabetically in alternate steps starting from step 1. In each arrangement, the last letter of word is added to word at first position
Numbers taken in descending order in alternate steps starting from step 2. In each arrangement, number is revered and then 1 is added.
Like 73 changes to 37, and then 37+1 = 38 in step 2

56 to 65 to 65+1 = 66
Now::
Input: anger 16 ump 63 eaten 22 41 ides 39 orts
Step 1: pump  anger 16 63 eaten 22 41 ides 39 orts
Step 2: 37 pump  anger 16 eaten 22 41 ides 39 orts
Step 3: sorts 37 pump  anger 16 eaten 22 41 ides 39
Step 4: 15 sorts 37 pump  anger 16 eaten 22 ides 39
Step 5: sides 15 sorts 37 pump anger 16 eaten 22 39
Step 6: 94 sides 15 sorts 37 pump anger 16 eaten 22
Step 7: neaten 94 sides 15 sorts 37 pump anger 16 22
Step 8: 23 neaten 94 sides 15 sorts 37 pump anger 16
Step 9: ranger 23 neaten 94 sides 15 sorts 37 pump 16
Step 10: 62 ranger 23 neaten 94 sides 15 sorts 37 pump
2. How many words/numbers are between 15′ and ‘anger’ in step 6?
A) 3

B) 5
C) 2
D) 6
E) 4
Option A
3. What is the sum of numbers – 6th from the left end in step 9 and 3rd from the right end in step 3?
A) 58
B) 47
C) 32
D) 56
E) 67
Option D
15 + 41 = 56
4. Which word/number is third to right of tenth element from the right end in step 7?
A) 22
B) sides
C) 15
D) anger
E) sorts
Option C
5. What are the extreme numbers/words in step 8?
A) 23, anger
B) ranger, 22
C) neaten, 16
D) 23, 16
E) None of these
Option D

## 4 Thoughts to “Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Questions — Set 36”

1. karthik

nice set.. please provide SO quizzes daily

2. Jeevan

Wahh Nc set ☺

3. Nishu

force 14 logic 4+4 – 2^3/ number of preceding alphabet * 7 Please set this logic in next series 😛