- A person sold an article earned a profit of rs.2500 after giving a discount of 25%. If he had sold it for rs.500 more he would have earned a profit of 60%, then what is the cost price of the article ?
65006000550075005000Option E

Let MP of an article = 4x

SP of an article = 4x – x = 3x

profit = 2500

CP = 3x – 2500

If he sold it rs.500 more,

3x + 500 = (3x – 2500)8/5

15x + 2500 = 24x – 20000

9x = 22500

x = 2500

CP = 3x – 2500 = 5000 - A shopkeeper marked a book 40% above the cost price and sold it after giving a discount of 30%, so that he made a loss of rs.4, what is the marked price of the article ?
240420280300320Option C

Let CP a book = 100x

MP = 100x * 140/100 = 140x

SP = 140x * 70/100 = 98x

loss = 100x – 98x = 2x

2x = 4

x = 2

MP = 140x = 140 * 2 = 280 - A dishonest salesman professes to sell his goods at the cost price but use faulty measure. His 1kg weight measures 950gms only. Find the gain percentage ?
200/6%15%20%100/19%28%Option D

Let CP = 950gm

SP = 1000gm

profit = 50

profit % = 50/950 * 100 = 100/19% - A person sells 18 chocolates, so that he losses the selling price of 2 chocolates. Find his loss percentage ?
5%10%8%12%20%Option B

Let SP of 1 chocolate = rs.1

SP of 18 chocolate = rs.18

loss = rs.2

CP = 18 + 2 = 20

loss % = 2/20 * 100 = 10% - A person bought two articles for rs.2000 and rs.2500 respectively. He sold first at a gain of 10%. At what price should he sell the other to get a profit of 20% on the whole transaction ?
32003000400045006500Option A

CP of first article = 2000

SP = 2000 * 110/100 = 2200

Total CP = 2000 + 2500 = 4500

total SP = 4500 * 120/100 = 5400

SP of second article = 5400 – 2200 = 3200 - A man sells the product for rs.800 and make some profit. If he sells it for rs.300 his loss is 2/3 of the earlier profit then what is the cost price of the product ?
400500650550740Option B

Let CP the product = x

SP = 800

profit = 800 – x

he sells for rs.300

loss = x – 300

(800 – x)2/3 = x – 300

1600 – 2x = 3x – 900

5x = 2500

x = 500 - A shopkeeper sells a table 4% discount on the marked price. The cost price of the table is 500 and he sells it at a profit of 20%, then what is marked price of the table ?
480320680625420Option D

CP of the table = 500

SP = 500 * 120/100 = 600

MP = 600 * 100/96 = 625 - Sita buys two books a total cost of rs.1400. She sells one for 3/4 of its cost and other for 2 times of its cost, so that she makes a profit of rs.400 on the whole transaction. What is the cost price of the lower price book.
600800500600700Option D

Total CP of the book = rs.1400

total SP of book = 1400 + 400 = 1800

Let CP of one book = x

CP of other book = 1400 – x

x * 3/4 + (1400 – x)^2 = 1800

x * 3/4 + 2800 – 2x = 1800

3x + 11200 – 8x = 7200

x = 800

CP of lower price book = 1400 – 800 = 600 - Sanju buys an old cycle for rs.1400 and spends rs.600 for its repair. After some days he sells his cycle at rs.2500, find profit percent of cycle ?
20%25%28%32%14%Option B

CP of cycle = 1400

he spend on it = 600

total CP = 1400 + 600 = 2000

he sold it = 2500

profit percentage = 500/2000 * 100 = 25% - The cost price of item Q is 300 more than the cost price item P. If item P was sold at a profit of 20% and item Q was sold at a loss of 40%. The ratio between selling price of P and Q is 8 : 7. What is the cost price of item Q ?
800700850640520Option B

Let cost price of item P = x

and item Q = x + 300

SP of item P = x * 120/100 = 6x/5

SP of item Q = (x + 300) 60/100 = (x + 300)3/5

(6x/5)/(x + 300)3/5 = 8/7

6x/5/3x + 900/5 = 8/7

42x = 24x + 7200

18x = 7200

x = 400

cost price of item Q = x + 300 = 700