This set contains New Pattern English Questions for various upcoming exams like SBI PO, IBPS PO, Clerk and insurance exams. Questions from Odd Sentences and Sentence Fillers.
Direction (1-5) : The following questions contain five sentences as options. Find one sentence which does not relate to the central theme of the passage made by remaining four sentences.
- A) The tendency to present narrow national interests as global good has long been part of great power diplomacy.
B) Big nations can’t simply say their policies are meant to pursue crass political and economic gain.
C) These developed-world business and political leaders have fuelled a world economic order that has thrust great inequality on all of us.
D) To win popular support at home and legitimacy abroad, they see the need to define interest-based diplomacy as value-based politics.
E) The most recent examples of presenting self interest in universal terms come from China and Russia.
- A) A recent graphic in The Guardian, should awaken the government to the terrifying dangers of air pollution in this country.
B) Stung by international media criticism, which posed a threat to the games, the government swung into action.
C) It shows cities around the globe where the harm caused by cycling or slow jogging — measured in minutes per day — exceeds the benefits of such exercise due to the inhaling of pollutants.
D) These refer to smallest measureable particulates of matter — PM 2.5 that are less than 2.5 micrometers and can bypass the body’s defences.
E) A particles of 10 micrometers are less than the width of a human hair, just imagine how minute PM 2.5 matters would be.
- A) A spokesman for Jamaat-ur-Ahrar, a faction of the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement emailed to media.
B) When National Security Advisor Ajit Doval went to Moscow last month, one of the items on his agenda was to secure a place for India at the Russia-led consultations on Afghanistan.
C) His five hour-long meeting with President Vladimir Putin’s team paid off when Moscow invited New Delhi to be a part of the six-nation meeting — along with Iran and Afghanistan — on Afghanistan on Wednesday.
D) This was some progress from late December, when Russia hosted a meeting in Moscow with Pakistan and China, and the three countries announced they would seek the lifting of UN Security Council (UNSC) sanctions against select Taliban commanders to bring the militant group to the talking table.
E) But the outcome of Wednesday’s meeting is unlikely to leave New Delhi fully satisfied.
- A) Various international covenants and charters, not to mention the Supreme Court of India, have long recognised access to justice as a basic human right.
B) The rule of nature is the foundation that supports the pillars of our democracy.
C) Yet, in reality, most litigants in India are denied such access, in large measure due to the pendency problem ailing the country’s courts.
D) Even without citing extensive data, it is clear that the judicial pipeline is badly clogged.
E) fixing of this judicial logjam is the need of time.
- A) The number of online courses are exploding.
B) Many of the most famous scholars across fields are being lured by the promise of being able to reach a global audience to record Massive Open Online Courses or MOOCs.
C) In 2015, there were 35 million learners taking online classes from 570 universities.
D) The myth that online education courses cost less to produce and therefore save students money on tuition doesn’t hold up to scrutiny.
E) India should be very grateful that it is happening as our entire system of higher education is desperately short of teachers.
Directions (6-10): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.
- A set of new sanctions imposed on Iran by the United States over a missile test has taken ties between the two countries, which saw incremental improvement over a couple of years, back to the pre-Obama era. Bilateral relations were particularly hostile during the presidency of George W. Bush, who had threatened military action over Iran’s nuclear programme. Barack Obama took a different line, moored in political realism. (……………………………………………………………………………………………). The U.S. and other world powers took years to find a common ground with Iran, which prevented the country from acquiring nuclear weapons in return for removal of international sanctions.
A) Mr. Trump may not repeal the nuclear deal as it is a multilateral agreement.
B) He reached out to the Iranians and finally clinched the nuclear deal last year, a far-sighted diplomatic solution to a complex international crisis.
C) He runs the risk of making West Asia even more chaotic than it is.
D) Any meaningful effort to stabilise West Asia calls for Iran’s cooperation, not hostility.
E) This progress stands threatened by President Donald Trump’s hostility towards Iran.
- The destruction caused to a significant part of the Chennai coastline from the oil spill that followed a collision between two ships is both tragic and ironic. A large quantity of oil was released into the sea, affecting marine life and livelihoods of coastal communities. (…………………………………………………………………………….. )Ship collisions are less common today because GPS-based navigation systems have made their operation much safer. It is apparent that the first response to the Chennai collision involving an LPG tanker and the fuel carrier off the Kamarajar Port was seriously deficient.
A) An independent inquiry is vital to determine whether the training and acquisition of equipment to handle such accidents for all agencies passed muster.
B) Moreover, pollution response equipment for all major ports and 26 non-major ports is funded to the extent of 50% by the Centre.
C) What makes the collision ironic is that it comes at a time when there is steadily declining pollution due to such incidents.
D) On the other hand, the efficacy of chemical dispersants to degrade oil at sea remains controversial.
E) Considerable oil pollution is caused not just by catastrophes but through the discharge of ballast, sludge and water used for the cleaning of tanks.
- Teaching has long been considered to be a “noble” profession. They shape the future of our progeny.(……………………………………………………………………………………….). In the US, they chase the mirage of becoming a “tenured” professor – a process that lasts up to a decade if one is lucky. “Publish or perish” keeps them doing research and writing papers that no one may read or use. They have to keep publishing papers in journals just to keep their foot in the door.
A) Although an assistant Professor is eligible for becoming “Tenure”d professor after 3-year experience, the common practice for granting the tenure is after 5 years.
B) Critics argue that while funds for tenured professors come from tuition fees, very few tenured professors actually teach.
C) Then they can pass on the tedium of teaching to adjunct faculty while they focus on research.
D) But the path towards becoming a professor is hard and time consuming
E) When the world economy is slowing down, it is important to find ideas that will help us get propelled into a faster growth path.
- Mount Isa Mines has released the official report into the lead contamination that has blighted the city for decades. The report, commissioned by the mine’s owner, Glencore, and produced by researchers at the University of Queensland, says that household dust contaminated by airborne lead from the mining and smelting operations is the dominant source of the city’s exposure. (…………………………………………………………….)Yet the report goes on to argue that Mount Isa residents are nevertheless responsible for keeping themselves, their houses and their children free from dust, thus putting the onus back on them to avoid exposure to the contamination.
A) Before Mount Isa Mines was taken over by Glencore in 2013.
B) In some aspects this marks an important shift in the industry’s acceptance of the problem.
C) For Mount Isa families, these comments do not fully encapsulate the real challenges they face in protecting themselves and their families.
D) The implied argument is essentially that, despite the contamination, if you do the right thing there is no problem.
E) Mount Isa’s schoolchildren are performing well below the national average.
- Brexit and Donald Trump’s election as US president signify deep structural issues that cannot be resolved by curbs on migrants, imports or any quick fix. The elephant in the room is falling Western productivity. (……………………………………………………………………………………) Slower growth, combined with winner-takes-all trends (think Facebook, Amazon, Twitter) imply stagnant wages, job losses at low-to-middle levels, and hence a cry for de-globalisation.
A) The world’s top productivity guru, Robert Gordon, exposed the depth of the underlying problem in his book, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, whose logic applies equally to the EU, Japan, and even China.
B) If both are slowing or falling for deep structural reasons, growth will inevitably slow too.
C) Gordon notes that productivity and GDP growth were close to zero through most of history before rising with the Industrial Revolution.
D) This means slower growth, which economist Larry Summers calls secular stagnation.
E) Lower productivity means that the investment produces less.