Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Questions Set 20

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: mania hut 14 33 sense 78 21 trust 56 equal
Step 1: 16 mania hut 33 sense 78 21 56 equal trust
Step 2: 16 equal mania hut 33 sense 21 56 80 trust
Step 3: 16 equal 23 mania hut 33 56 sense 80 trust
Step 4: 16 equal 23 hut mania 33 58 sense 80 trust
Step 5: 16 equal 23 hut 35 mania 58 sense 80 trust

This is the final arrangement and step 5 is the last step for this input.

Input: 45 carry giant 24 81 pulse right 13 39 keep 76 main

  1. What is the position of ‘keep’ in step 3 from left end?
    A) 7th
    B) 9th
    C) 5th
    D) 6th
    E) 8th
    View Answer
    Option A
    Step 1: smallest number and word with highest initial letter as per English Alphabet.
    Step 2: Word with smallest initial letter as per English Alphabet and largest number

    Again number and word, then word and number…
    In Number = number + 2 when arranged in every step.
    Input: 45 carry giant 24 81 pulse right 13 39 keep 76 main
    Step 1: 15 45 carry giant 24 81 pulse 39 keep 76 main right 
    Step 2: 15 carry 45 giant 24 pulse 39 keep 76 main 83 right 
    Step 3: 15 carry 26 45 giant 39 keep 76 main pulse 83 right
    Step 4: 15 carry 26 giant 45 39 keep main 78 pulse 83 right
    Step 5: 15 carry 26 giant 41 45 keep main 78 pulse 83 right
    Step 6: 15 carry 26 giant 41 keep 47 main 78 pulse 83 right
  2. In step 4, if ‘45’ is related to ‘carry’ and ‘pulse’ is related to ‘keep’ in a certain way, then ‘39’ is related to which of the following?
    A) 78
    B) carry
    C) giant
    D) 26
    E) main
    View Answer
    Option D
  3. What is the sum of numbers – 3rd from the left end in step 2 and 4th from the right end in step 4?
    A) 118
    B) 123
    C) 132
    D) 115
    E) 127
    View Answer
    Option B
    45+78 = 123 
  4. In which of the following steps are words ‘41 keep 47 main’ occur together?
    A) 2
    B) 4
    C) 6
    D) 5
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option C
  5. Which of the following is the last but one step of given input?
    A) 15 carry 26 giant 41 45 keep main 78 pulse 83 right
    B) 15 carry 26 giant 41 keep 47 main 78 pulse 83 right
    C) 15 carry 26 giant 45 39 keep main 78 pulse 83 right
    D) 15 carry 26 giant 39 45 keep main 78 pulse 83 right
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option A

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: orange 13 51 guaua apple 36 mango ugli 22 67
Step 1: 14 orange 51 guaua apple 36 mango ugli 22 67
Step 2: 14 orange 51 guaua 36 mango ugli 22 67 apple
Step 3: 14 21 orange 51 guaua 36 mango ugli 67 apple
Step 4: 14 21 orange 51 36 mango ugli 67 apple guaua 
Step 5: 14 21 52 orange 36 mango ugli 67 apple guaua
Step 6: 14 21 52 36 mango ugli 67 apple guaua orange
Step 7: 14 21 52 35 mango ugli 67 apple guaua orange
Step 8: 14 21 52 35 ugli 67 apple guaua orange mango
Step 9: 14 21 52 35 68 ugli apple guaua orange mango
Step 10: 14 21 52 35 68 apple guaua orange mango ugli 

This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.

Input: under 34 puzzle basic 49 ice 15 72 dust 21 angle 56

  1. How many elements are between ‘puzzle’ and ’56’ in step 5?
    A) 3
    B) 5
    C) 4
    D) 6
    E) 8
    View Answer
    Option C
    odd number + 1, even number – 1
    Step 1: smallest Odd number

    Step 2: smallest vowel 
    Step 3: smallest even number
    Step 4: smallest consonant………
    Input: under 34 puzzle basic 49 ice 15 72 dust 21 angle 56
    Step 1: 16 under 34 puzzle basic 49 ice 72 dust 21 angle 56
    Step 2: 16 under 34 puzzle basic 49 ice 72 dust 21 56 angle
    Step 3: 16 33 under puzzle basic 49 ice 72 dust 21 56 angle
    Step 4: 16 33 under puzzle 49 ice 72 dust 21 56 angle basic 
    Step 5: 16 33 22 under puzzle 49 ice 72 dust 56 angle basic
    Step 6: 16 33 22 under puzzle 49 72 dust 56 angle basic ice
    Step 7: 16 33 22 55 under puzzle 49 72 dust angle basic ice
    Step 8: 16 33 22 55 under puzzle 49 72 angle basic ice dust
    Step 9: 16 33 22 55 50 under puzzle 72 angle basic ice dust

    Step 10: 16 33 22 55 50 puzzle 72 angle basic ice dust under 
    Step 11: 16 33 22 55 50 71 puzzle angle basic ice dust under
    Step 12: 16 33 22 55 50 71 angle basic ice dust under puzzle
  2. Which element is third to left of seventh element from the right end in step 7?
    A) 72
    B) dust
    C) angle
    D) puzzle
    E) 22
    View Answer
    Option B
  3. In step 10, ‘50’ is related to ‘basic’ in the same way as in step 7, ‘puzzle’ is related to ‘angle’. Now in step 4, ‘under’ is related to what in the same way?
    A) dust
    B) ice
    C) 16
    D) 72
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option D
  4. In which of the following steps are words ‘55 50 under puzzle’ occur together?
    A) 9
    B) 4
    C) 6
    D) 5
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option A
  5. What are last two numbers/words in step 11?
    A) puzzle basic

    B) under ice
    C) puzzle under
    D) dust basic
    E) dust under
    View Answer
    Option E

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