# Quantitative Aptitude: Probability Questions – Set 5

Probability Questions for Bank PO Exams – SBI PO, IBPS PO, NIACL, NICL, BoB PO, and other exams

1.  A bag contains 8 apple and 6 orange. Four fruits are drawn out one by one and not replaced. What is the probability that they are alternatively of different fruits?
A) 10/143
B) 15/120
C) 20/143
D) 26/110
E) None
Option C
Solution:

Fruits can be drawn in two format
AOAO and OAOA
Apple drawn 1st P=8/14*6/13*7/12*5/11
Orange drawn 1st P=6/14*8/13*5/12*7/11
Adding both we get 2[8*7*6*5/14*13*12*11]=2*(10/143)=20/143.
2. In an interview the probability of Praveen to got selected is 0.4. The probability of Geetha to got selected is 0.5. The probability of Sam to got selected is 0.6. The probability of Suresh to got selected is 0.8. What is the probability that at least 2 of them got selected on that day?
A) 0.806
B) 0.632
C) 0.688
D) 0.732
E) None
Option A
Solution:

Required probability=1 – no one got selected – 1 got selected
No one got selected = (1-0.4) x (1-0.5) x (1-0.6) x (1-0.8) = 0.024
1 got selected= 0.4 x ((1-0.5) x (1-0.6) x (1-0.8) ) + 0.5 x ((1-0.4) x (1-0.6) x (1-0.8)) +0.6 x ((1-0.4) x (1-0.5) x (1-0.8)) + 0.8 x ((1-0.4) x (1-0.5) x (1-0.6))
= 0.016 + 0.024 + 0.036 + 0.096 = 0.17
So, Required probability = 1 – 0.024 – 0.17 = 0.806
3. A basket contains 10 red ball and 15 white ball. out of which 3 red and 4 white balls are damaged. If two balls selected at random, what is the probability that either both are white balls or both are not damaged?
A) 203/435
B) 313/300
C) 317/400
D) 203/300
E) None
Option B
Solution: |
P(A) = 15c2 / 25c2, P(B) = 18c2 / 25c2
P(A∩B) = 11c2 / 25c2
P(A∪B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A∩B) => (15c2 / 25c2)+( 18c2 / 25c2)-( 11c2 / 25c2)=406/600==>203/300
4. A box contains tickets numbered from 1 to 16. 3 tickets are to be chosen to give 3 prizes. What is the probability that at least 2 tickets contain a number which is multiple of 4?
A) 19/240
B) 11/240
C) 43/250
D) 9/80
E) None
Option A
Solution:

From 1 to 16, there are 4 numbers which are multiple of 4
1st 2 are multiple of 4, and one any other number from (16-4) = 12 tickets
4c2*12c1/16c3 = 72/560
2nd all are multiples of 4.
4c3/16c3=4/560
5. Chance that Sheela tells truth is 35% and for Ramesh is 75%. In what percent they likely to contradict each other in the same question?
A) 9/40
B) 15/25
C) 25/40
D) 23/40
E) None
Option D
Solution:

P(A) = 35/100=7/20 and P(B) = 75/100=3/4.
Now they are contradicting means one lies and other speaks truth. So,
Probability = 7/20*1/4 + 13/20 * 3/4
=7/80+39/80=46/80=23/40
6. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. What is the probability of getting the sum of the numbers as even?
A) 1/3
B) 2/3
C) 1/2
D) 3/4
E) None
Option C
Solution:

Throw two dice n(s)=36
E is nos sum is even.
Hence E={( 1,1 ),(1,3 ) (1,5 ) (2,2 ) , (2,4 ) , (2,6 ), …………( 6,2 ), (6,4 ), ( 6,6 )}
n(E)= 18
Thus required probability= 18/36= 1/2
7. A basket contains 8 Red and 6 Pink toys. There is another basket which contains 7 Red and 8 Pink toys. One toy is to drawn from either of the two baskets. What is the probability of drawing a Pink toys?
A) 101/210
B) 85/156
C) 75/210
D) 120/156
E) None
Option A
Solution:

Probability of one basket =1/2
1st Basket Pink toy probability =1/2* (6c1/14c1)
2nd Basket Pink toy probability = 1/2* (8c1/15c1)
Adding both (1/2*6/14) + (1/2*4/15)
3/14+4/15=101/210
8. Four persons are chosen at random from a group of 3 men, 5 women and 4 children. What is the probability of exactly two of them being men?
A) 10/60
B) 12/55
C) 25/60
D) 13/60
E) None
Option B
Solution:

Total People = 3 + 5 + 4 = 12
n(s)=12c4
Probability of exactly two men and two from others
N(e) = 3c2*9c2
⇒ P= (3c2*9c2)/12c4=>12/55
9. A box contains 3 ballons of 1 shape, 4 ballons of 1 shape and 5 ballons of 1 shape. Three ballons of them are drawn at random, what is the probability that all the three are of different shape?
A) 3/44
B) 5/22
C) 3/11
D) 10/22
E) None
Option C
Solution:

Total=3+4+5=12
n(s)=12c3=220
n(e)=3c1 * 4c1 * 5c1 =60
p=60/220=3/11
10. 12 persons are seated around a round table.What is the probability that two particular persons sit together?
A) 2/11
B) 4/21
C) 8/21
D) 6/21
E) None
Option A
Solution:
In a circle of n different persons, the total number of arrangements possible = (n – 1)!
n(S) = (12 – 1) = 11 !
Taking two persons as a unit, total persons = 11
Therefore no. of ways for these 11 persons to around the circular table = (11 – 1)! = 10!
In any unit, 2 particular person can sit in 2! ways.
Hence total number of ways that any three person can sit,
=n(E) = 10! * 2!
Therefore P (E) = probability of three persons sitting together = n(E) / n(S)
= (10! * 2!)/11! = 2/11.

## 6 Thoughts to “Quantitative Aptitude: Probability Questions – Set 5”

1. akshita

Q5 pls explain…

1. Shubhra

contradict each other means one says truth and other says lie

A truth * B lie + A lies * B truth
= 7/20 * 1/4 + 13/20 * 3/4

1. वैम्पायर हंटर

mam wo 3rd btaoo ek bar
11 wala smjh nii aaya confusn h thoda

1. Shubhra

event A = both are white
B = both are not damaged
P(A∩B) is probability that both are white also, and those both are not damaged also
so there 15 white balls out of which 4 are damaged, so
balls which are white also and not damaged also = 15-4 = 11
so 11C2

2. garima shah

hello last question 10th me (N-1) KYO KIYA GYA H PTA TO H BUT THODA DOUBT H….PLS EXPLAIN KR DO AAP…

1. Shubhra

it is a formula as explained

In a circle of n different persons, the total number of arrangements possible = (n – 1)!