Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Set 8

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: 56 fooled 23 32 carry seemed 7 sunny 12 happy 15
Step 1: 7 56 fooled 23 32 carry seemed sunny 12 happy 15
Step 2: 7 seemed 56 fooled 23 32 carry sunny 12 happy 15
Step 3: 7 seemed 15 56 fooled 23 32 carry sunny 12 happy
Step 4: 7 seemed 15 sunny 56 fooled 23 32 carry 12 happy
Step 5: 7 seemed 15 sunny 23 56 fooled 32 carry 12 happy
Step 6: 7 seemed 15 sunny 23 fooled 56 32 carry 12 happy
Step 7: 7 seemed 15 sunny 23 fooled 12 56 32 carry happy
Step 8: 7 seemed 15 sunny 23 fooled 12 happy 56 32 carry
Step 9: 7 seemed 15 sunny 23 fooled 12 happy 32 56 carry
Step 10: 7 seemed 15 sunny 23 fooled 12 happy 32 carry 56

This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.

Input: suffix 27 42 breeze letter 5 53 20 called 28 community

  1. How many elements are between ‘suffix’ and ‘letter’ in step 5?
    A) 2
    B) 3
    C) 5
    D) 4
    E) None of these
    View Answer
     Option B
    Words arrangement: all words have double letters. So double letters are used in ascending order in each arrangement of words.
    seemed sunny  fooled happy  carry
    Number arrangement: first odd numbers in ascending order, then even numbers in ascending order.
    Input: suffix 27 42 breeze letter 5 53 20 called 28 community
    Step 1: 5 suffix 27 42 breeze letter 53 20 called 28 community
    Step 2: 5 breeze suffix 27 42 letter 53 20 called 28 community
    Step 3: 5 breeze 27 suffix 42 letter 53 20 called 28 community
    Step 4: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 42 letter 20 called 28 community
    Step 5: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 called 42 letter 20 28 community
    Step 6: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 called 20 42 letter 28 community
    Step 7: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 called 20 community 42 letter 28
    Step 8: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 called 20 community 28 42 letter
    Step 9: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 called 20 community 28 letter 42
  2. Which element is third to left of sixth element from the right end in step 7?
    A) 42
    B) suffix
    C) 27
    D) 53
    E) called
    View Answer
     Option C
  3. Which step number is following step?
    Step: 5 breeze 27 suffix 53 called 20 community 28 42 letter
    A) 6
    B) 7
    C) 9
    D) 8
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
     Option D
  4. In step 6, ‘53’ is related to ‘42’ in the same way as in step 2, ‘letter’ is related to ‘called’. Now in step 4, ‘53’ is related to what in the same way?
    A) 27
    B) 20
    C) letter
    D) called
    E) 28
    View Answer
     Option B
  5. What are last two numbers/words in step 7?
    A) called, 20
    B) 28, community
    C) 5, breeze
    D) 42, letter
    E) letter, 28
    View Answer
     Option E

 

 Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. 

A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: house 64 light  85 25 breeze fine 24 sunny
Step 1: breeze house 64 light  85 25 fine 24 sunny
Step 2: breeze 6 house 64 light  85 25 fine sunny
Step 3: breeze 6 sunny house 64 light  85 25 fine
Step 4: breeze 6 sunny 16 house light  85 25 fine
Step 5: breeze 6 sunny 16 fine house light  85 25
Step 6: breeze 6 sunny 16 fine 5 house light  85
Step 7: breeze 6 sunny 16 fine 5 light house  85
Step 8: breeze 6 sunny 16 fine 5 light 19 house

This is the final arrangement and step 8 is the last step for this input.

Input: 32 concrete joint 63 33 game rising 22 pirate

  1. Which word/number is third to right of seventh element from right end in step 6?
    A) concrete
    B) joint
    C) 63
    D) pirate
    E) 11
    View Answer
     Option E
    Words arrangement: Words start with b f h l s – in alphabetical order
    First b, then s, next f, next l, then h
    Number are divided by the second digit in respective steps.
    There are 4 numbers: 64 85 25 24
    Two have 4 as second digit, 2 have 5 as second digit
    So first 24/4 = 6, then 64/4 = 12, then 25/5 = 5, next  85/5 = 19
    Input: 32 concrete joint 63 33 game rising 22 pirate
    Step 1: concrete 32 joint 63 33 game rising 22 pirate
    Step 2: concrete 11 32 joint 63 33 game rising pirate
    Step 3: concrete 11 rising 32 joint 63 33 game pirate
    Step 4: concrete 11 rising 16 joint 63 33 game pirate
    Step 5: concrete 11 rising 16 game joint 63 33 pirate
    Step 6: concrete 11 rising 16 game 11 joint 63 pirate
    Step 7: concrete 11 rising 16 game 11 pirate joint 63
    Step 8: concrete 11 rising 16 game 11 pirate 21 joint
  2. In step 4, if ‘concrete’ interchanges position with ‘63’ and ‘11’ with ‘pirate’, then how many words are there in between ‘pirate’ and ‘concrete’?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) More than three
    View Answer
     Option D
  3. How many numbers/words are between ‘rising’ and ‘joint’ in step 7?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) More than three
    View Answer
     Option E
  4. What is the difference in the numbers which are fourth from left end and third from right end in step 5?
    A) 48
    B) 47
    C) 46
    D) 49
    E) 45
    View Answer
     Option B
    63 – 16 = 47
  5. What is the sum of numbers which are fourth from left end in step 3 and second from right end in step 6?
    A) 97
    B) 96
    C) 95
    D) 94
    E) 91
    View Answer
     Option C
    32 + 63 = 95

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