English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Prelims– Set 37

Cloze Test New Pattern Bank Exams PO

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

IF YOU have bought Ferragamo shoes recently, fancy footwear was not all that came in the box. Inserted in the left shoe’s sole is a passive radio-frequency identification (RFID) tag. A transmitter-receiver known as an interrogator can send a signal to the tag and read its response. Only genuine Ferragamo shoes send back the correct one. The RFIDs are the Italian shoemaker’s latest weapon in its (1)_____ [recruitment] to protect its brand from fakes. Last year alone, the company says, it took down tens of thousands of ads for fakes (2) _______ [airing] its label from online auction sites, and recovered or revoked 140 domain names and websites which, it argued, infringed its copyright, most of them belonging to Chinese people or firms.

It has long been known that counterfeiting and piracy (respectively the infringement of trademarks and copyright, together known as intellectual property, or IP) make up a vast global business. But a report published on April 18th by the OECD suggests that, despite the (3)______ [end] of such high-tech counter-measures, it is far bigger than previously thought. The last such survey by the club of 34 mostly rich countries was in 2008. Updated the next year with data from 2007, it put the value of cross-border trade in fakes at $250 billion, or 1.8% of the total for all goods. The latest report estimates that by 2013 those figures had risen to $461 billion, and 2.5%.

Some increase was predictable: global trade has recovered since the financial crisis, and it is natural that (4) _______ [genuine] commerce should, too. But, says Piotr Stryszowski, the report’s lead author, he had not expected the rise in percentage terms to be so high. In part, it could be thanks to better data. Mr Stryszowski likens the difference in quality between today’s figures and those on hand in 2007 to that “between a communist-era Polish Fiat and a Lamborghini”. But he thinks the rise is real, nonetheless. Branded, knowledge-based products make up an increasing share of the global economy. And the rise of e-commerce has made selling and transporting fakes much easier: almost two-thirds of (5)_________ [generation] nowadays are of postal shipments, mostly of goods bought online.  

  1. A) clash
    B) campaign
    C) contention
    D) survey
    E) Correction Required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : campaign
  2. A) addressing
    B) forming
    C) bearing
    D) practicing
    E) Correction Required
    View Answer
    Option C
  3. A) counter
    B) formation
    C) challenges
    D) advent
    E) Correction Required
    View Answer
    Option D
  4. A) developmental
    B) frustated
    C) illicit
    D) indefinite
    E) Correction Required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : The passage is about trading of fake items. So illicit is correct word
    illicit- forbidden by law, rules, or custom.
  5. A) productivity
    B) theft
    C) seizures
    D) grabbing
    E) Correction Required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : seizures- the action of confiscating or impounding property by warrant of legal right

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank.

THE airspace over London is among the most (6) _______ in the world. The soaring popularity of small unmanned drones has added to the congestion. After several close (7) ________ , drone and plane now appear to have collided. Police are investigating a report that on April 17th a British Airways flight from Geneva was hit on its nose cone by a drone as it approached Heathrow airport. (8)________there was negligible damage. But (9)___________ enforcement of regulations and better technology are required to prevent more serious accidents.

The scale of the problem is (10) ______ . Sales of drones in Britain and many countries are not counted. The vast majority of them are small. Those the size of a large insect are not much to worry about. But drones of up to 25kg are a graver threat. And the sales trend is upward. America’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reckons consumer sales could grow from 1.9m in 2016 to as many as 4.3m by 2020.

  1. A) deserted
    B) crowded
    C) popular
    D) developed
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : The next statement says that, this has added to the congestion. So crowded is correct.
  2. A) surrenders
    B) contest
    C) encounters
    D) criticize
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : encounters unexpectedly be faced with
  3. A) Thankfully
    B) Distortedly
    C) Melancholy
    D) Miserably
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : As there was negligible damagae hence it is a matter of being thankful
  4. A) facile
    B) severe
    C) stricter
    D) diplomatic
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : stricter
  5. A) explicit
    B) secure
    C) doubtful
    D) unclear
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : In the next few lines a lot of facts about drone is unknown, hence unclear is the suitable word.

 

 

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