# Critical and logical Reasoning – Set 28

Directions (1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered a and b. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

1. STATEMENT:
Rising levels of air pollution is causing health hazards for people living in the cities. COURSES OF ACTION:
a)All the industries and mills wshould be shifted to the outskirts of the cities.
b)Transport authorities should take footsteps for converting all public transport vehicles to run on CNG.

Only a follows
Only b follows
Either a or b follows
Both a and b follows
Neither a nor b follows
Option E

2. STATEMENT:
Large number of university students are found to be paying more attention on fashion than on studies.
COURSES OF ACTION:
a)Universities should impose limitation on use of fashionable clothes and accessories. b)Universities should keep the students indulge enough with studies, so that they don’t find time for other things like fashion.

Only a follows
Only b follows
Either a or b follows
Both a and b follows
Neither a nor b follows
Option E

3. STATEMENT:
A large number of people gathered on the highway, blocking the traffic movement to protest against the criminals.
COURSES OF ACTION:
a) The police should fire tear gas to scatter the crowd.
b) The police authority should calm down the emotions of the crowd, assuring action against the criminals.

Only a follows
Only b follows
Either a or b follows
Both a and b follows
Neither a nor b follows
Option B

4. STATEMENT:
State Government of Telangana suspended two additional police officers.
ASSUMPTIONS:
a) They were careless in discharging duties.
b) There was a charge of wrongdoing against them.
c) The government officials were biased against them.

Only a and b is implicit
Any one of the three is implicit
Only a and c is implicit
Only c is implicit
None of these
Option A

5. STATEMENT:
Inspite of the heavy rainfall, the traffic has not been distorted this year.
ASSUMPTIONS:
a) The traffic is distorted in rainy seasons only.
b) Rainfall do not affect traffic movement.
c) Sufficient measures were taken for traffic management during rainy season.

Only a and c is implicit
Only a and b is implicit
Only c is implicit
Only a is implicit
None of these
Option C

6. Directions (6-7): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered a and b. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

7. STATEMENT: The HOD instructed all the staff to be careful in class because some students may disturb other students.
ASSUMPTIONS:
a) The staffs will handle the situation properly and they will point out the disobedient students.
b) The students will welcome the resolution of the HOD.

Only a is implicit
Only b is implicit
Either a or b is implicit
Neither a nor b is implicit
Both a and b is implicit
Option E

8. STATEMENT: To probe the murder of a person, the police cross questioned the domestic servant, the watchmans of the multi-storeyed buildings and the liftman.
ASSUMPTIONS:
a) The domestic servant, watchman and the liftman can give a hint about the suspected murder.
b)Generally in such cases the persons known to the person are directly or indirectly involved in the murder.

Only a is implicit
Only b is implicit
Either a or b is implicit
Neither a nor b is implicit
Both a and b is implicit
Option A

9. Directions (8-10): Below in each question are given two statements a and b. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
Mark answer (a) : if statements a is the cause and statements b is the effect.
Mark answer (b) : if statements b is the cause and statements a is its effect.
Mark answer (c) : if both the statements a and b are independent causes
Mark answer (d) : if both the statements a and b are effects of independent causes.
Mark Answer (e) : if both the statements are effects of some common cause.

10. a)Repeated robberies in shops were recorded in distant suburbs of the city.
b)Shop owners in the city and suburbs asked upgradation in security situation from the police.

a
b
c
d
e
Option A

11. a)The prices of bricks have increased multiple times during the past few years.
b) Government has decided to provide tax break for 5 years to new brick manufacturing factories to be set up in near future.

a
b
c
d
e
Option A

12. a)The college authority has decided to conduct mid sem in March/April every year to enable them to declare results in time.
b)There has been considerable slowdown in declaring results in the past due to paucity of teachers evaluating the answer sheets of the examination conducted by the college.

a
b
c
d
e
Option B