English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 27

New Pattern Cloze Test for SBI PO, NIACL Assistant, IBPS PO, Clerk and other competitive Exams. These New Pattern Questions will be helpful in preparing for upcoming exams.

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

AMERICA’S crisis owes something to baby-boomers’ taste for sun. From the 1970s the share of Americans living in the southern half of the country (1)______ [degraded] steadily, from under 40% to more than half by the 2000s. Climate helped (2)_____ [tighten] the shift (as climate control helped populate the Deep South, almost uninhabitably humid before air-conditioning). Economic opportunity also (3)_____ [focus] a strong pull. This flow provided the underlying energy for America’s housing boom and bust.

Recently released figures on metropolitan-area GDP, adjusted for inflation, reveal the sunbelt’s multitudes. San Jose, California—home of Silicon Valley—enjoyed GDP growth of an impressive 19% from 2007 to 2011, while the economy of Austin, the capital of Texas, expanded by 14%. The laggards, though, are similarly sun-drenched. The GDP of Las Vegas shrank 12% from 2007 to 2011. It was joined down at the bottom by Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix and Atlanta. Employment figures tell a very similar story. Since the beginning of the recession Texas has accounted for four of the metropolitan areas with the biggest rise in employment, alongside Nashville, Tennessee and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. But other sunny cities are also among those which have lost most ground on jobs. Los Angeles remains some 300,000 jobs short of its pre-recession peak, about 5.3% of total employment.

Housing explains much of this variation. Migration, driven by sun and economic growth, (4)______ [fuelled] a voracious demand for new homes across the sunbelt. House prices soared in places like coastal California, where a scarcity of usable land and tight regulations on new construction have limited building. Lax lending standards encouraged (5)_______ [careful] borrowing—except in Texas, where strict rules on predatory lending imposed after an earlier bust kept mortgages modest.

  1. A) increase
    B) climbed
    C) decreased
    D) reduced
    E) No change required
    View Answer
      Option B
  2. A) focus
    B) reduce
    C) reiterate
    D) motivate
    E) No change required
    View Answer
      Option D
  3. A) diverted
    B) influence
    C) exerted
    D) reduced
    E) No change required
    View Answer
      Option C
  4. A) implemented
    B) sustained
    C) pulled
    D) delegated
    E) No change required
    View Answer
      Option E
  5. A) reckless
    B) cautious
    C) prudent
    D) critical
    E) No change required
    View Answer
      Option A 

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

ASK ordinary people about their own Chinese dream, and you find owning a home is high on the list. But years of rising house prices have put that dream out of reach of many. A slowing economy appeared to take some of the heat out. Now, alas, the residential property market is (6)______ [stabilizing] again. A new survey of developers and property firms on May 2nd showed average house prices up more than 5% in April on a year earlier.

Taking the long view, rising property values seem defensible. The country is undergoing the largest wave of urbanisation in human history and homes must be built for all of those new city (7)______ [dwellers]. The existing housing stock is poor, so people upgrade to modern homes as soon as they can (8)_____ [see] them. Local governments earn a lot of money from land sales to developers and investors have few other places to (9)_____ [manage] their money. All that suggests upward pressure on prices is not going away.

But even if you accept those long-term arguments, says Alistair Thornton of IHS, a consultancy, the market right now looks increasingly as if it is becoming detached from the fundamentals, as speculators looking for an investment swamp buyers looking for somewhere to live. Many flats sit vacant (10)_____ [as] legions of prospective buyers desperately seeking affordable housing. Capital Economics, a research firm, estimates that investment in residential property accounted for 8.8% of China’s GDP in 2012.

6.A) balancing
B) soaring
C) freezing
D) supporting
E) No change required

View Answer
  Option B

7.A) developers
B) builders
C) officials
D) tourists
E) No change required

View Answer
  Option E

8.A) fuel
B) suit
C) value
D) afford
E) No change required

View Answer
  Option D

9.A) involve
B) budget
C) park
D) safe
E) No change required

View Answer
  Option C

10.A) since
B) despite
C) because of
D) inspite
E) No change required

View Answer
  Option B


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