Directions(1-4): In the given question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct combination.
D) EffortlessA-BA-CB-DC-DB-COption C
The meanings of the words are:
Fatal: causing death.
Difficult: involving or requiring strenuous effort; tiring.
Confident: feeling or showing confidence in oneself or one’s abilities or qualities.
Effortless: requiring no physical or mental exertion.
- A) Extremely
D) TremendouslyB-CA-DB-DA-CC-DOption B
The meanings of the words are:
Extremely: to a very great degree; very.
Ironically: in an ironic manner.
Arrogantly: in a manner resulting from or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or abilities.
Tremendously: to a very great extent.
- A) Bowl
‘Bowl’ means a round, deep dish or basin used for food or liquid.
‘Bawl’ means to weep or cry noisily.
‘Bowel’ means the intestine.
‘Whimper’ means to make a series of low, feeble sounds expressive of fear, pain, or unhappiness.
Thus ‘bawl’ and ‘whimper’ are opposite in meaning although they refer to the similar act of crying.
- A. Pleasant
D. AppealingC-DA-CB-CA-BA-DOption C
‘Pleasant’ means giving a sense of happy satisfaction or enjoyment.
‘Substantial’ means of considerable importance, size, or worth.
‘Significant’ means sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy.
‘Appealing’ means attractive or interesting.
Thus, ‘Substantial’ and ‘Significant’ are synonyms.
In the industrial regions of northern France cattle (1)/ is stall-fed with the waste (2)/ products of the beet-sugar factories, (3)/ oilworks and distilleries. (4)1234No errorOption B
“Cattle” can only be used in the plural, not in the singular but in part 2, a singular verb is used for it. So, “is” in part 2 should be replaced by “are”. Hence, option B is the answer
- We collect the money, (1)/ the customer gets to relax, (2)/ enjoy the gorgeous mountain sceneries (3)/ and eat their fresh blueberry muffins. (4)/ No error (5)
The noun ‘scenery’ is an uncountable (mass) noun, it has no plural form but in part 3 the plural form ‘sceneries’. It should be replaced with singular form ‘scenery’. Hence there is an error part 3 and option C is the answer.
- Where the Civil War broke out, (1)/ he fought on (2)/ the side of the South and (3)/ became a brigadier-general. (4)
We use “when” as a conjunction meaning ‘at the time that’ but in part 1 where is used to indicate time. Hence there is an error part 1 and option A is the answer.
- In delivering his first state of the Union (1)/ on Capitol Hill, President Donald Trump (2)/ spoke of many small victories that he chalked out (3)/ to his administration’s record over the past year. (4)/ No error (5)
The preposition ‘out’ is incorrect and needs to be replaced with the preposition ‘up’. This is because ‘chalked something up’ is a phrasal verb which means to achieve something, such as victory, or to score points in a game, which is said for small victories by President Donald Trump, thus the preposition ‘up’ will be used instead of ‘out’, because ‘chalk out’ means to outline a plan, which is not correct for the sentence.
- Bumping up the household savings rate (1)/ and nudging savers to park their surpluses in (2)/ financial assets has always been high on (3)/ the agenda of Indian Finance Ministers. (4)/ No error (5)
In part 3, the verb ‘has’ needs to be replaced with ‘have’ to make the sentence grammatically correct. This is because, the verb is used for two clauses: ‘bumping up the household savings rate’, and second: ‘nudging savers to park their surpluses in financial assets’. The use of ‘and’ requires the plural verb ‘have’.
- Chess is a game who (1)/ stimulates brain development (2)/ and increases (3)/ our problem-solving skills. (4)
1234No errorOption A
The error is in (1). Here chess is a game, it is a thing, thus, “that” should be used instead of “who.” “Who” is used for human being while “that” and “which” is used to refer to non-living things. So option A is correct.
Directions(5-10): Read the sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number corresponding to that part will be your answer.