Mixed English Questions for upcoming Exam — Set 437

Directions (1-6): In the following question, a sentence with two blanks is given, indicating that something has been omitted. The sentence is followed by two columns, I and II, each carrying three words. One or more than one of the three words mentioned in column I will the first blank. Similarly, one or more than one of the three words mentioned in column II will the second blank. You have to identify the correct pair(s) of words that would fill the blanks to make the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful.

  1. The monopoly of foreign trade remains a _____I_____ against the economic ______II______ of capitalism.
    I II
    (a) bulwark (d) intravenous
    (b) balustrade (e) intervention
    (c) ballistics (f) intermittent
    a-d
    b-e
    c-f
    a-e
    b-f
    Option D
    Bulwark – a defensive wall.
    Balustrade – a railing supported by balusters, especially one forming an ornamental parapet to a balcony, bridge, or terrace.
    Ballistics – the science of projectiles and firearms.
    Intravenous – existing or taking place within, or administered into, a vein or veins.
    Intervention – the action or process of intervening.
    Intermittent – occurring at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady.

     

  2. When asked about Elon Musk’s whereabouts, some joked that Musk might have reached Mars and got cut ____________ from the Internet while others expressed ____________ concern about his well-being.
    I II
    (a) off (d) genuine
    (b) across (e) pseudo
    (c) in (f) sincere
    a-d & b-f
    b-e & c-d
    a-f & a-d
    c-e & b-f
    b-d & b-f
    Option C
    ‘cut off from’ is an idiomatic expression which means to cause (someone or something) to be separate or alone from (someone or something). The phrasal verb ‘cut across’ (to go straight from one side of an area to another instead of going around) & ‘cut in’ (to interrupt what someone is saying by saying something yourself) are inappropriate in the context of the sentence. So, the only possible option in the first blank is ‘off’. The sentence in the first half mentions ‘while some joked’ which implies the other part to present a contrary reaction. With respect to concerns, both ‘genuine’ and ‘sincere’ fit in the second bank appropriately.

     

  3. Climate change was the _____I_____ double-edged sword that 􀁽rst contributed to the meteoric rise of the Neo-Assyrian Empire and
    then to its _____II_____ collapse.
    I II
    (a) unearthly (d) syndicate
    (b) proverbial (e) precipitous
    (c) vastly (f) unprecedented
    a-e & c-d
    b-e
    b-d, a-f & c-e
    a-d
    c-f
    Option B
    The meanings of the words are:
    a) unearthly: unnatural or mysterious, especially in a disturbing way.
    b) proverbial: used when you are describing something with an expression from a proverb.
    c) vastly: to a very great extent; immensely.
    d) syndicate: a group of individuals or organizations combined to promote a common interest.
    e) precipitous: happening more quickly than expected.
    f) unprecedented: never having happened or existed before.

     

  4. Two prominent tributaries of Zanskar River are the Doda and TsrapLingti Chu, which __________at Padam village in the upper valley to ______the Zanskar River.
    I II
    (a) confluence (d) formation
    (b) meet (e) create
    (c) joining (f) form
    a-f & b-e
    a-f & c-d
    a-d & c-e
    c-f
    a-d
    Option A
    We need to find the perfect set of words that can fit both the blanks and make the given sentence grammatically and meaningfully correct. We need a verb in the first blank and a verb in the second one too. Here the word ‘confluence’ can be used as a verb although it has the same noun form. Here it means ‘to meet’. So, the word ‘meet’ also 􀁽ts the first blank. Now, if we look for the word in the second blank, we can see that both ‘form’ and ‘create’ can be used to fill the second blank. However, ‘formation’ is the noun form and cannot be used.

     

  5. The Metro depot which was __________in 2015, was finally started in 2019 and has now come back to ground zero – finalising the site – Kanjurmarg, albeit ___________massive losses to the 6-year-long project.
    I II
    (a) found (d) acrimonious
    (b) sanctioned (e) acrid
    (c) called (f) incurring
    a-e & b-e
    a-e & c-d
    a-d & c-f
    c-f
    b-f
    Option E
    We need to find the perfect set of words that can fit both the blanks and make the given sentence grammatically and meaningfully correct. We need a verb in the first blank. Here ‘sanctioned’ is the only word that can fit the first blank. ‘Sanction’ means ‘to give official permission or approval for an action’.
    In the second blank ‘incurring’ can be used only. The word ‘incur’ means become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behaviour or actions. The other words if used in the second blank makes no sense.
    Both the words ‘acrimonious’ and ‘acrid’ mean ‘bitter’ or ‘toxic’.

     

  6. The department is ______________on an initial investment of Rs 1,000-2,000 crore in the private sector for _____________modern healthcare institutions in Jammu and Srinagar to provide the best health services to public.
    I II
    (a) resolving (d) formation
    (b) circumvoluting (e) building
    (c) eyeing (f) cause
    a-f & b-e
    a-d
    c-e
    c-f
    a-d, b-f
    Option C
    We need to find the perfect set of words that can fit both the blanks and make the given sentence grammatically and meaningfully correct. We need a verb in the first blank and the second blank.
    The word ‘eyeing’ here actually means ‘considering’ or ‘having interest in something’. The word ‘circumvolution’ means ‘a winding movement, especially of one thing round another.’
    The word ‘resolving’ means ‘deciding firmly on a course of action.’
    In case of the second blank, the word ‘building’ can only fit in the given blank and render a proper sense to the sentence. The other two words do not fit the second blank.

     

  7. Directions(7-10): In the following question, a sentence with a part of it missing and represented by a blank is given. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the sentence complete and coherent (coherent means logically complete and sound).

  8. Since mid-caps were badly battered last year, domestic fund managers flocked ________ .

    To match the on-going spate of massive capacity additions.
    To be catching up with the view, although it remains to be seen when investors also take note.
    To park their money in large-cap stocks, in the so-called chase for quality.
    To the lull in real estate sales, the sand mining ban in some parts of the country and surging input cost pressure.
    To announcements for increasing capacity addition, expectations of an up cycle have substantially waned.
    Option C
    The given fragment talks about how the mid-caps were badly battered last year and the reactions of the domestic fund manager to the same.

     

  9. An orphan, Lexington, is raised to be a strict vegetarian by an eccentric aunt, grows up to be __________________.
    a wonderful cook and flies an aeroplane for the first time after her death.
    a wonderful cook and tries pork for the first time after her death.
    a wonderful cook and fries vegetables for the first time after her death.
    a wonderful cook and tries tofu for the first time after her death.
    none of these
    Option B

     

  10. A conversation with a friend would suddenly make you think about how your mom and dad love travelling but you had never noticed that ______________.
    earlier because they would never travel a lot while you travel with them.
    before because they would never stay a lot while you stayed with them.
    earlier because they would never travel a lot while you didn’t stay with them.
    before because they would never travel a lot while you stayed with them.
    none of these
    Option D
    The given sentence wants to convey that if you had a conversation with a friend, this would suddenly make you think about how your parents loved travelling but you had never noticed that before because they would never do that a lot while you stayed with them. This shows their love and affection towards you.

     

  11. Insurance is a push product and the decision to focus on the average Joe, ______
    To focus on its monthly premium plan and low-ticket products, and ignored high-value policies that was the backbone of its new business growth.
    Instead of high net-worth individuals with fat pockets, appears to have backfired, notwithstanding the friendly SIP route
    Is a long-term bet and the growth story of the sector continues to remain.
    To either grab more customers faster than everyone else, or go back to doing what it did best—targeting high-premium policies.
    None of the above
    Option A
    The given fragment talks about the push product i.e. insurance. It further mentioned about some decision to focus on the average Joe. So the continuing statement would mention about the focus on the monthly premium plan that was the backbone of its new business.

     

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