English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams– Set 38

New Pattern Cloze Test China

In the passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

FOR years China has sought to divide and rule in the South China Sea. It worked hard to prevent the countries challenging it over some or all of its absurdly (1)________ [deprecating]territorial claims in the sea from ganging up against it. So when tensions with one rival (2)________[applicants]were high, it tended not to (3)________[alleviate]others.

Not any more. In a kind of united-front policy in reverse, it now seems content to (4)_________ [antagonise]them all at the same time. This is both (5)______ [challenging]closer co-operation among neighbours and driving them closer to external powers including India, Australia, Japan and, above all, America.

The latest fight China has (6)_____ [dropped]is with a country with which—unlike Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam—it has no territorial dispute: Indonesia. On March 21st the chargé d’affaires at China’s embassy in Jakarta was hauled in to receive a stiff protest. A Chinese coastguard vessel had rammed free a Chinese fishing boat as it was towed into port after being caught allegedly fishing in Indonesian waters. The crew of eight was already in detention. In a similar incident three years ago, Indonesia released detained crew members when confronted by an armed “maritime law-enforcement” vessel belonging to China’s fisheries bureau. 

Since that incident Indonesia has elected a new president, Joko Widodo, one of whose trumpeted policies has been to look after the interests of fishermen. To (7)________ [assist] illegal interlopers, Indonesia now impounds and blows up foreign vessels caught poaching. In this case, it seems clear that the Chinese were in Indonesian waters. Indonesia claims that the boat was just four kilometres off the Natuna islands, well within Indonesia’s 12 nautical-mile territorial limit, let alone its 200-nautical-mile “exclusive economic zone” (EEZ).

China explicitly (8)________ [contradict]Indonesian sovereignty over the Natunas. Yet instead of apologising, China’s foreign ministry demanded the fishermen’s release, claiming that they had been (9)_______ [functioning]“normal operations” in “traditional Chinese fishing grounds”. China is a party to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), under which countries are (10)______ [renowned]to territorial waters and EEZs. Yet the government’s implicit argument is that a self-proclaimed “tradition” trumps international law. By extension, with 5,000 years of sacred history touted ad nauseam by its Communist Party leaders, who is to deny China anything it wants?

 

  1. A) scarify
    B)aggrandising
    C) faction
    D) partly
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    :aggrandising- increase the power, status, or wealth of.
  2. A) nominee
    B) partake
    C) flatter
    D)claimant
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    :claimant- a person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit.
  3. A)provoke
    B) appease
    C)discourage
    D) hover
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    :provoke
  4. A) share with
    B) distract
    C) please
    D) divide
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option E
    Explanation
    :antagonise: cause (someone) to become hostile.
  5. A) pleasing
    B) ratifying
    C)encouraging
    D) changing
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    :encouraging
  6. A) preferred
    B) ignored
    C) named
    D) picked
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : picked
  7. A) persuade
    B)deter
    C) counsel
    D) remonstrate
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    :deter- discourage (someone) from doing something by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
  8. A)disapproves
    B) affirms
    C)acknowledges
    D) approves
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    :acknowledges
  9. A)carrying out
    B) focusing
    C) accessing
    D) altering
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    :carrying out
  10. A) forbidden
    B)entitled
    C) indulged
    D) labeled
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    :entitled: give (someone) a legal right or a just claim to receive or do something.

 

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