English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 25

Direction (1-5) : In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

THE world has a (1)_____ [choice] for liquefied natural gas (LNG) and Egypt, with its copious gas reserves, was by now supposed to be helping to (2)_____ [dissolve] it. Big foreign companies have invested in gasfields and liquefaction plants but they have been unable to export much because the government, (3)______ [capable] to meet surging domestic demand, has (4)_____ [exported] most of the gas.

Keeping the lights on—or rather, the air-conditioning—will be one of the myriad problems awaiting Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the leader of last year’s military coup, when he is (almost certainly) elected president in polling on May 26th and 27th. Another will be reforming the extravagant subsidies that cause the domestic shortages of gas and hence of the electricity generated from it, and which (5)_____[determines] Egypt’s attempts to increase its energy exports.

  1. A) appeal
    B) thirst
    C) sale
    D) extraction
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
  2. A) dismiss
    B) less
    C) abate
    D) slake
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : slake – quench one′s thirst.
  3. A) admiring
    B) struggling
    C) testifying
    D) demand
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
  4. A) imported
    B) notified
    C) swiped
    D) assembled
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C 
  5. A) criticizes
    B) undermine
    C) highlights
    D) adopts
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : undermine – lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability

Direction (6-10): In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

INNOVATION is a word that brings to mind small, nimble startups doing clever things with cutting-edge technology. But it is also vital in large, long-established industries—and they do not come much larger or older than agriculture. Farmers can be among the most (6)_____ [experts] of managers, so it is no surprise that they are nervous about a new idea called prescriptive planting, which is set to disrupt their business. In essence, it is a system that tells them with great precision which seeds to plant and how to cultivate them in each patch of land. It could be the biggest change to agriculture in rich countries since genetically modified crops. And it is proving nearly as controversial, since it raises (7)______ [learned] questions about who owns the information on which the service is based. It also (8)______ [diversify] stick-in-the-mud farmers into an unfamiliar world of “big data” and privacy battles.

Monsanto’s prescriptive-planting system, FieldScripts, had its first trials last year and is now on sale in four American states. Its story begins in 2006 with a Silicon Valley startup, the Climate Corporation. Set up by two former Google employees, it used remote sensing and other cartographic techniques to map every field in America (all 25m of them) and (9)______ [superimpose] on that all the climate information that it could find. By 2010 its database contained 150 billion soil observations and 10 trillion weather-simulation points.

The Climate Corporation planned to use these data to sell crop insurance. But last October Monsanto bought the company for about $1 billion—one of the biggest (10)_______ [approval] of a data firm yet seen. Monsanto, the world’s largest hybrid-seed producer, has a library of hundreds of thousands of seeds, and terabytes of data on their yields. By adding these to the Climate Corporation’s soil- and-weather database, it produced a map of America which says which seed grows best in which field, under what conditions.

  1. A) liberals
    B) game-changers
    C) hidebound
    D) learned
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : hidebound – unwilling or unable to change because of tradition or convention.
  2. A) trivial
    B) profound
    C) superficial
    D) unemotional
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
  3. A) increases
    B) pledge
    C) plunges
    D) scurry
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : stick-in-the-mud – a person who resists change.
    plunge – push
  4. A) reduce
    B) classify
    C) rectify
    D) publish
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option E
  5. A) downturn
    B) upheaval
    C) takeovers
    D) judgement
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C

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