The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary – Set 83

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, LIC, NABARD, SEBI, SSC, UPSC, IPPB, etc.

We are providing vocabulary words from the Editorial articles in The Hindu newspaper which is important for all the upcoming competitive exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

 

TOPIC – Wounded Mountains

The tragic death of nine tourists in a landslip in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh is another pointer to the fragility of the ecology of the Himalayan States. Extraordinarily heavy rain pummeled the State recently, leaving the hill slopes unstable and causing floods in built-up areas including Dharamshala. The descending boulders from destabilized terrain, which crushed a bridge like a matchstick, are a source of worry even for cautious local residents, and for unwary visitors, such as the tourists travelling in a van; they can turn into sudden disaster. Himachal is famed for its scenic vistas and welcoming summer climate, and drew a few hundred thousand tourists in June this year as States began relaxing the controls for COVID-19. There was justified alarm at the prospect of a fresh surge in infections, prompting Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur to appeal for COVID-appropriate behavior. Unfortunately, there was not enough vigil against travel to risky areas, in the wake of a disastrous year for tourism, resulting in the mishap in Kinnaur’s Basteri area. What should worry Himachal, and neighboring Uttarakhand, is that the States may be entering a phase of irreversible decline because of losses to their ecology; frequent landslides may become inevitable. Bootstrapping an incompatible model of development in the hills, represented by big hydroelectric projects and large-scale construction activity involving destruction of forests and damming of rivers, is an invitation to harm. Mega hydropower, which Himachal Pradesh is working to tap as a significant source of “green” power that substitute’s energy from fossil fuels, could alter several aspects of ecology, rendering it vulnerable to the effects of extreme events such as cloudbursts, flash floods, landslides and earthquakes. The parliamentary Standing Committee on Energy during 2018-19 noted that the State could more than double its existing harnessed hydropower potential of 10,547 MW. Kinnaur is a focus point for such development, centered around the potential of the glacially-fed Sutlej valley, but one scientific estimate warns that avaricious tapping of the river through all planned projects would impound nearly a quarter of its waters in dams, and divert a staggering 72% through tunnels. Other researchers, studying the 2015 Nepal earthquake, point to high seismicity causing fatal landslides and severe damage to hydropower structures in the Himalayas; the cost of power produced was underestimated, while the potential was overestimated. Evidently, it is impossible to assign a real value to the costs to people and communities, together with the loss of pristine forests that weak afforestation programmes cannot replace. As catastrophic weather events inflict frequent, heavy losses, Himachal Pradesh and the other Himalayan States can only watch their ecological base erode. Changing course may yet preserve a lot of their natural riches.

The Hindu Editorial Words with meanings, synonyms, and antonyms

 

Fragility (noun) – Lack of physical strength

Synonyms – Delicacy, frailty, brittleness, flimsiness, decrepitude

Antonyms – Fortitude, resilience, great strength, harshness, stability

 

Pummeled (verb) – Criticize severely

Synonyms – Battered, bashed, clobbered, drubbed, thump

Antonyms – Unaccused, sober, uphold, preserve, patrol

 

Boulders (noun) – A large stone

Synonyms – Crags, bluffs, cobbles, pebbles, cliffs

Antonyms – Concentrated, aggregate, choate, consummate

 

Unwary (adjective) – Unexpected

Synonyms – Heedless, unsuspecting, imprudent, credulous, gullible

Antonyms – Alert, chary, considerate, heedful, leery

 

Prospect (noun) – The possibility of future success

Synonyms – Perspective, aspect, prognosis, contemplation, reconnoiter

Antonyms – Adversity, nostalgia, outmoded, deliberate, overlook

 

Vigil (noun) – A purposeful surveillance to guard

Synonyms – Sentry, insomnia, picket, funeral, scout

Antonyms – Drowsiness, aloofness, boredom, insouciance, heedlessness

 

Inevitable (adjective) – Incapable of being avoided or prevented

Synonyms – Inescapable, ineluctable, inexorable, foreordained, ineludible

Antonyms – Avertable, dubious, bewildering, ambivalent, capricious

 

Staggering (adjective) – So surprisingly impressive as to stun

Synonyms – Astonishing, astounding, stunning, stupefying, stupendous

Antonyms – Awaited, dammit, obvious, foreseeable, anticipated

 

Seismicity (noun) – The occurrence or frequency of earthquakes in a region

Synonyms – Earthquake, shock, unstable, tremor

Antonyms – Stable, steady, permanent

 

Pristine (adjective) – Completely free from dirt or contamination

Synonyms – Unsullied, unblemished, undefiled, impeccable, untainted

Antonyms – Grubby, marred, mucky, stale, dingy

 

Inflict (verb) – Impose something unpleasant

Synonyms – Wreak, foist, perpetrate, levy, strike

Antonyms – Abstain, beleaguer, deterrent, derail, besiege

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