Daily Current Affairs 2nd & 3rd October, 2022

Daily Current Affairs 2 & 3 October 2022 for Banking/Insurance/SSC and other related exams.

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NATIONAL NEWS

Centre extends AFSPA in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland for Six Months
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) in parts of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland for another six months.

  • Tirap, Changlang and Longding districts in Arunachal Pradesh and the areas falling within the jurisdiction of Namsai and Mahadevpur police stations in Namsai district along the Assam border, are declared as “disturbed areas” under Section 3 of the AFSPA 1958 for a period of six months from October 1, “unless withdrawn earlier”, the Ministry said.

Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu top destinations for foreign tourists in 2021: Govt report
India Tourism Statistics 2022, as released by Union Tourism Ministry reveals that Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu registered the maximum number of foreign tourist visits with 1.26 million and 1.23 million respectively in 2021.

  • In the report, Tamil Nadu’s Group of Monuments at Mamallapuram was the most popular centrally protected ticketed monument for domestic visitors in the last one year. Agra’s Taj Mahal also featured among the top ten on the list.
  • The report also stated the number of foreign tourist arrivals during 2021 decreased to 1.52 million – a nearly 44 per cent decline compared to 2020 – citing Covid-19 related restrictions.

Telangana hikes ST reservation from 6% to 10% 
The Telangana government issued an order to increase reservation for the Scheduled Tribe communities from 6 per cent to 10 per cent. The order by the Tribal Welfare Department said the enhanced reservations would apply in educational institutions and to services under the state government with immediate effect.

  • The Telangana Assembly passed a Bill in April 2017 enhancing the reservation of the ST population to 10 per cent.
  • Though the Bill was sent to the Government of India for the President’s assent the same year, after six years, it is still pending despite several representations from the state government.


BANKING & FINANCE

New rules for debit, credit cards begin with tokenisation 
The rules and regulations for online payments for debit and credit cards have been changed. The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) card-on-file (CoF) tokenization norms came into effect on 1st October 2022. RBI’s CoF tokenization aims to improve the payment experience of cardholders.

  • The new rule released by RBI says that neither businesses nor payment aggregators can save customer card details on their platforms. The card details can only be saved by card networks or issuing banks.
  • Tokenisation has replaced sensitive card information including card number, and card expiry with cryptographically-generated random strings.
  • Once the card is Tokenised, the generated card token can be used for processing payments as a substitute for card details.
  • The Tokenised card eliminates the risk of loss of sensitive card information.


BUSINESS & ECONOMY

Pegatron opens plant in Chennai, becomes 3rd Manufacturer of iPhones in India
Taiwan’s Pegatron became the third Apple vendor to set up a manufacturing unit in India, inaugurating a facility at Mahindra World City in Chennai. It will invest around Rs 1,100 crore in the unit, potentially generating around 14,000 jobs.

  • The other two Apple vendors with units in India are Foxconn and Wistron, both Taiwanese. Pegatron’s facility comes at a time when Apple is expected to move at least a quarter of its manufacturing facilities to India by 2025.
  • It signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Tamil Nadu government in February last year.


APPOINTMENTS

Sunil Barthwal takes charge as commerce secretary
Senior IAS officer Sunil Barthwal assumed charge as the commerce secretary.

  • Barthwal, a 1989-batch officer of the Bihar cadre, previously served as the labour and employment secretary.
  • Sunil Barthwal replaced Subrahmanyam, a 1987-batch IAS officer of the Chhattisgarh cadre, who was appointed as chairman and managing director, India Trade Promotion Organisation on a contract basis for a period of two years following his superannuation.

Sujoy Lal Thaosen, Anish Dayal Singh appointed new DGs of CRPF, ITBP
Senior IPS officers Anish Dayal Singh and Sujoy Lal Thaosen took charge as the new director general of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police and the CRPF respectively.

  • Thaosen, a 1988-batch officer of the Madhya Pradesh cadre, is currently working as the director general (DG) of the border guarding force Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) and holding the additional charge of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police.
  • The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) DG post fell vacant after IPS officer Kuldiep Singh (1986-batch) retired. Anish Dayal Singh, a 1988-batch officer (Manipur cadre), is currently serving as a special director in the Intelligence Bureau.

ISRO scientist Anil Kumar elected VP of International Astronautical Federation
Senior Isro scientist A K Anil Kumar has been elected the vice-president of the International Astronautical Federation.

  • Anil Kumar is currently working as associate director of Isro Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bengaluru.
  • Founded in 1951, the Paris-based International Astronautical Federation is the world’s leading space advocacy body with 433 members in 72 countries. They are drawn from space agencies, companies, universities, professional associations, museums, government organisations and learned societies. Anil Kumar is one of the 12 vice-presidents recently elected by the global body.


AWARDS

Writer-academic Madhav Hada to be awarded 32nd Bihari Puraskar
Writer Dr. Madhav Hada will be awarded the 32nd Bihari Puraskar for his 2015 literary criticism book ‘Pachrang Chola Pahar Sakhi Ri’, the KK Birla Foundation announced.

  • The Bihari Puraskar is one of the three literary awards instituted by the foundation in 1991. Named after famous Hindi poet Bihari, the award is given every year for an outstanding work published in the last 10 years by a Rajasthani author in Hindi or Rajasthani. It carries a cash prize of ₹2.5 lakh, a plaque and a citation. The recipient is chosen by a selection committee headed by chairman Hemant Shesh.
  • A literary critic and academic, Hada has written extensively on literature, media, culture and history. He has also been a member of the general council of the Sahitya Akademi and the Hindi Advisory Board. He has been a recipient of the Bhartendu Harishchandra Award for Media Studies and the Devraj Upadhyay Award for Literary Criticism.


SCIENCE & TECHNILOGY

Tesla CEO Elon Musk unveils the humanoid robot ‘Optimus’
Tesla CEO Elon Musk revealed a prototype of a humanoid “Optimus” robot that shares some Artificial Intelligence (AI) software and sensors with its cars’ Autopilot driver assistance features.

  • Optimus was revealed at Tesla AI Day 2022, an event which aimed to demonstrate how far the company’s autonomous robot and vehicle research has come.
  • According to media reports, the event gave the first look of Optimus, strolling around the stage, updates on new self-driving software and also a first look at the Dojo hardware powering Tesla’s AI research.

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