Quantitative Aptitude: Data Interpretation Set 26

Directions (1 – 5): Study the following charts carefully and answer the questions that follow:


Profit = Revenue – Expenditure

  1. What is the approximate difference (in lakhs) between the average revenue of both the companies in the given years?
    A) Rs 150
    B) Rs 1800
    C) Rs 1600
    D) Rs 1650
    E) Rs 1700
    View Answer
    Option C
    Solution:

    Average revenue of company A = (11600+12800+12800)/3 = 12400
    Average revenue of company B = (10800+11200+10400)/3 = 10800
    So required difference = (12400-10800) = Rs 1600 lakh
  2. What is the approximate difference in expenditure (in lakhs) of company A in the year 2016 with respect to 2014?
    A) Rs 866
    B) Rs 849
    C) Rs 885
    D) Rs 871
    E) Rs 834
    View Answer
    Option D
    Solution:

    Expenditure of company A in 2016 = (100/114) * 12800 = Rs 11228 lakhs (approx.)
    Expenditure of company A in 2014 = (100/112) * 11600 = Rs 10357 lakhs
    So required difference = 11228 – 10357 = 871 lakhs
  3. What is the total profit (approximate in lakhs) earned by both companies in years 2014?
    A) Rs 2135
    B) Rs 2275
    C) Rs 2026
    D) Rs 2427
    E) Rs 2247
    View Answer
    Option A
    Solution:

    Revenue of A in 2014 = Rs 11600 lakhs
    So expenditure = (100/112) * 11600 = 10357 lakhs (approx)
    So profit = 11600 – 10357 = 1243 lakhs
    Revenue of B in 2014 = Rs 10800 lakhs
    So expenditure = (100/109) * 10800 = 9908 lakhs
    So profit = 10800 – 9908 = 892 lakhs
    So required total = 1243 + 892 = 2135 lakhs
  4. What is the approximate increase/decrease in expenditure (in lakhs) of company B in years 2015 over its previous year?
    A) Rs 84
    B) Rs 157
    C) Rs 234
    D) Rs 106
    E) Rs 92
    View Answer
    Option E
    Solution:

    Expenditure of company B in 2015 = (100/112) * 11200 = Rs 10000 lakhs
    Expenditure of company B in 2014 = (100/109) * 10800 = Rs 9908 lakhs (approx.)
    So required difference = 10000 – 9908 = 92 lakhs
  5. What is the percentage of revenue of both companies in year 2015 with respect to total revenue of both companies in given time period?
    A) 32.67%
    B) 34.48%
    C) 36.38%
    D) 33.83%
    E) 35.26%
    View Answer
    Option B
    Solution:

    Revenue of both companies in 2015 = 12800+11200 = 24000
    Revenue of both companies in all the years = 11600 +10800 + 12800 + 11200 + 12800 + 10400 = 69600
    So required % = (24000/69600) * 100 = 34.48%

Directions (6 – 10): Study the following line chart carefully and answer the questions that follow:

  1. If the sales of product A is 5.4 lakh in year 2014 then what will be its sale in the years 2016?
    A) 6.035 lakh
    B) 8.424 lakh
    C) 7.835 lakh
    D) 7.234 lakh
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option B
    Solution:

    Sales of A in 2016 = 540000 * 120/100 * 130/100 = 842400
  2. What is the percentage increase in sales of product C from year 2014 to year 2016?
    A) 34.35%%
    B) 28.75%
    C) 30.35%
    D) 32.25%
    E) 33.25%
    View Answer
    Option D
    Solution:

    Let its sales in 2014 = 100
    So Sales of in 2016= 100 * 115/100 * 115/100 = 132.25
    So %Increase = (132.25 – 100)/100 * 100 = 32.25%
  3. If the sales of product E and D are equal in year 2015 then the sales of product E is approximately what percentage of sales of product D in 2016?
    A) 107%
    B) 98%
    C) 114%
    D) 116%
    E) 122%
    View Answer
    Option D
    Solution:

    Let the Sales of D & E in year 2015 is x
    Then Sales of D in 2016 = x * 125/100 = 1.25x
    and that of E in 2016 = x * 145/100 = 1.45x
    So required % = 1.45x/1.25x * 100 = 116%
  4. If the sales of product F in year 2016 is 16.848 lakh then what was its sales in 2014?
    A) 8.8 lakh
    B) 7.2 lakh
    C) 9.6 lakh
    D) 12.7 lakh
    E) 11.5 lakh
    View Answer
    Option C
    Solution:

    Sales of F in 2014 = 1684800 * 100/130 * 100/135 = 960000
  5. If the sales of product B and D in year 2011 are equal to 6 lakh then what will be the difference between sales of product D in 2016 and that of product B in the same year?
    A) 125500
    B) 107500
    C) 112500
    D) 112300
    E) 127600
    View Answer
    Option C
    Solution:

    Sales of D in 2016 = 600000 * 135/100 * 125/100 = 1012500
    Sales of B in 2016 = 600000 * 125/100 * 120/100 = 900000
    So required difference = 1012500 – 900000 = 112500

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