Directions(1-5): A statement with one blank is given below. Choose the set of words from the given options which can be used to fill the given blank.
- The problem is that scientists have struggled to ________________ just how quickly the polar ice sheets are melting.
I. nail down
III. bite the nailOnly IOnly IIIBoth I and IIBoth II and IIIAll I, II and IIIOption C
Both options I and II provide grammatically and contextually correct filler. ller. The phrases III do not make sense when fitted in the blank. ‘Nail down’ means establish conclusively, ‘bite the nail’ means be worried or apprehensive.
- The U.S. first disbanded the Iraqi military, leaving tens of thousands of soldiers jobless overnight, which _____________.
I. posed a security threat
II. threatened security
III. gave rise to secureOnly IOnly IIBoth I and IIBoth I and IIIAll of theseOption C
Option i is correct as it begins with the verb ‘posed’ and gives us the consequence of the mentioned act.
Option ii is correct as it begins with the verb ‘threatened’, and tells us of what happened next.
Option iii is incorrect as although it begins with the verb ‘gave’, it ends with the adjective ‘secure’, which is not modifying anything.
- When Henry saw Colleen at the airport, she seemed deated, smaller in the wheelchair, ____________________ her leg had been taken from her.
I. as if more than
II. like excess of
III. such as most ofOnly IOnly I and IIBoth II and IIIBoth I and IIINone of the aboveOption A
The only option I provide grammatically and contextually correct filler. The phrases II and III do not make sense when fitted in the blank. The reason is that a leg is a leg; there’s no measure to it like more or less. What the sentence wants to say is that more than just Colleen’s leg had been taken away from her, but what II and III mean that some measured part – more or less, has been taken away, which will not make any sense.
- While the economic loss could have been worse, analysts worry about workers in Mexico City, who suffered the __________________.
I. Impact of the closure
II. Brunt of the shutdown
III. Consequences of the shutOnly I and IIIBoth II and IIIBoth I and IIOnly IOnly IIOption C
Both options I and II provide grammatically and contextually correct filler. The phrases III do not make sense when fitted in the blank. The reason is that ‘shut’ is a verb and does not fit with ‘consequences of the’.
- Experts say that a lack of awareness and training about cervical cancers ________________ for suboptimal surgeries.
I. primarily leads to
II. is the primary reason
III. gives rises toBoth II and IIIOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIAll of theseOption C
We need a phrase here that means to lead or to cause, as the first half of the sentence gives us the cause (lack of awareness and training about cervical cancers) and the second half gives the effect (suboptimal surgeries).
Only option ii is grammatically and contextually correct.
Options i and iii are incorrect as they carry the preposition ‘to’ and it cannot be followed by preposition ‘for’.
- For a country that claims ___________ to ahimsa, India’s treatment of its animals betrays a moral failure.
III) EnduranceOnly IBoth I and IIOnly IIOnly IIIBoth II and IIIOption B
“Adherence” and “Constancy” are synonyms and both means “attached” or “being loyal to” which are suitable for the blank contextually. “Endurance” which means “persistence” is irrelevant to the context.
- What strikes you the most when you enter Parliament now is __________ .
III) EmptinessOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIBoth II and IIIOption E
Though grammatically all the three words “blank”, “chasm” and “emptiness” means “vacuum” or “hollowness” the usage of the word “blank” is different from other two words and therefore, ‘blank’ is not suitable for the blank space. “Chasm” and “emptiness” are contextually fit for the blank.
- The minister’s statement came at ___________ when chances of tax cuts appeared remote, so it surprised many.
III) ExigencyOnly IOnly IIBoth I and IIIBoth II and IIIBoth I and IIOption C
“Juncture” or “exigency” means “crucial time” or “emergency” that is suitable for the blank contextually. “Fluke” means “blessing” and it is irrelevant to the context of the blank.
- Martin can easily _____________ all the facts about any player on the team.
III. ReciteAll I, II and IIIBoth I & IIIOnly IIIOnly IOnly IIOption C
The meaning of the following words:
I. Respite- a short relief from something difficult
II. Revere- feel respectful or admiration for someone
III. Recite- readout or say something from memory
- Their __________ would be at the Penta Hotel at Heathrow Airport.
III. MeetingOnly IIIBoth I and IIIOnly IIAll I, II and IIIBoth II and IIIOption E
The sentence implies that the meeting would be at the Penta Hotel at Heathrow Airport. ‘Rendezvous’ is ‘a meeting at an agreed time and place’. Hence, both ‘rendezvous’ and ‘meeting’ are apt for the blank.