Directions(1-7): Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. Certain words are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of these.
During the Italian High Renaissance, the spirit of Humanism abounded, in which artists were deeply (entrenched) in a study of the humanities to consistently better themselves as people of the world. A person immersed in the comprehension and accomplishment of such varied interests would become later termed a “Renaissance man.” Leonardo da Vinci was the first prime exemplar of this term. Although his exhaustive personal interests led to his mastery of multiple fields, he is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time. His iconic works continue to be studied and revered today.
Leonardo was a polymath, someone whose level of genius encompassed many fields including invention, painting, sculpture, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He is known to have said, “Learning never exhausts the mind.”
Despite his exhaustive explorations into multiple areas of expertise, Leonardo is primarily celebrated as a painter. Some of his works have consistently been regarded with a timeless, universal fame such as his enigmatic portrait The Mona Lisa, his most reproduced religious work of all time, The Last Supper, and the Vitruvian Man, an early instructive drawing of precise spatial and anatomical symmetry.
Leonardo’s contribution to the aesthetic and techniques of High Renaissance art evolved Early Renaissance forebears such as linear perspective, chiaroscuro, naturalism, and emotional expressionism. Yet he exceeded many prior artists through his particular meticulous precision and the introduction of new methods such as his sfumato technique, a new way to blend glazes that resulted in works that appeared so realistic, it was as if his subjects lived and breathed from within the (pictorial) plane.
Working at full capacity with both left and right sides of his brain, Leonardo’s unquenchable curiosity and inventive imagination produced more contributions to society that were ahead of his time. He is credited with making the first drawings that preordained the parachute, helicopter, and military tank. His notebooks are nearly as esteemed as his artworks. Within, they represent a culmination of his life’s work and his genius mind, containing drawings, scientific diagrams, and his philosophies on painting. They continue to be studied today by artists, scholars, and scientists worldwide.
What is the tone of the given passage?CriticalEuphemisticLaudatoryDogmaticPopulistOption C
The given passage is about a famous personality who was an artist. The passage describes his various artistic endeavours and also discusses the different fields where his contribution had a marked effect. Thus, the passage can be called ‘laudatory’ which means a writing expressing praise and commendation. Thus, option C is the correct
- Which of the following statements is true regarding the ‘renaissance man’?
I. A renaissance man was a person with many talents and was knowledgeable in different subjects.
II. A renaissance man promoted gender discrimination as women were not allowed to gain the knowledge required to achieve the same levels of talents as possessed by men.
III. A renaissance man was a sly person who was able to spin tales of their different accomplishments without getting caught.Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIBoth II and IIIOption A
As per the given passage, the renaissance man was the title given to people who consistently involved themselves in gaining knowledge in a variety of fields to better themselves. The passage does not point out whether it was gender specific or not. Off the given statements, statement I is the only true statement regarding the renaissance man, making option A the correct answer.
- Which of the following is the MOST OPPOSITE in meaning to the given word?
‘Entrenched’ means (of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change.
Ingrained – (of a habit, belief, or attitude) firmly fixed or established
Facile – (of a person) having a superficial or simplistic knowledge or approach.
Permanent – lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely.
Inveterate – having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change.
Chronic – (of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
- Which of the following statements is the author most likely to disagree with? Leonardo Da Vinci was a country boy of few prospects and being left-handed, he also had trouble writing.Leonardo Da Vinci has often been accused of plagiarising other peoples’ work and taking credit for ideas which were not his own.Leonardo Da Vinci’s rise to popularity may have been slow, but once it gained momentum, fascination regarding him and his work never ceded.Leonardo Da Vinci’s most popular work is Monalisa.None of theseOption B
The given passage is about a famous personality who was an artist. The passage describes his various artistic endeavours and also discusses the different fields where his contribution had a marked effect. The author goes to great lengths to describe his brilliance. Any statement in the given options that contradicts this is the answer. Option
B talks about plagiarism and the author is most likely to disagree with this statement as he writes in the passage regarding the ingenuity of the artist and how he was the precursor to many modern techniques and innovations.
- Which of the following is the MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the given word?
‘Pictorial’ means of or expressed in pictures.
Realistic – representing things in a way that is accurate and true to life.
Scenic – providing or relating to views of impressive or beautiful natural scenery.
Detailed – (of a work of art) executed with many minor decorative features.
Graphic – relating to visual art, especially involving drawing, engraving, or lettering.
Striking – dramatically good-looking or beautiful.
- The following sentence from the passage is divided into four parts. There is an error in one of the parts either in the grammatical sense or in the contextual meaning. Choose the option which has the part with the error. If there is no error, your answer is option E .
‘Working at full capacity with both left and right sides of his brain,(1)/ Leonardo’s unquenchable curiosity (2)/ and inventive imagination produced more contributions (3)/ to society that were ahead of his time.(4)’1234No errorOption C
The error lies in the third part of the sentence. ‘More’ is a determiner that is used with uncountable nouns. Here ‘contributions’ is a countable noun and hence the determiner ‘many’ should be used.
- Which of the following would be the most appropriate title of the passage? Leonardo Da Vinci – a mystery.The lives and times of Leonardo Da VinciMonalisa SmileThe importance of Leonardo Da VinciThe Renaissance ManOption D
The given passage is about a famous personality who was an artist. The passage describes his various artistic endeavours and also discusses the different fields where his contribution had a marked effect. The author goes to great lengths to describe his brilliance. The author writes in the passage regarding the ingenuity of the artist and how
he was the precursor to many modern techniques and innovations. He ends the passage with the statement that even in modern times scholars and others benefit from reading up about the artist’s works.
Under the new dispensation(A), rules were enacted(B) to constrain selfish behaviour and corcive(C) threats by the economically(D) powerful.Only BOnly CBoth B and COnly AAll are correctOption B
The word ‘corcive’ is incorrect. The correct word is ‘coercive’ which means using force to persuade people to do things that they are unwilling to do.
- The use of blockchain has the potential(A), to disrupt(B), and reform the financial(C), sector, which traditionally(D), has not served the poor effectively. Only BBoth B and CBoth A and COnly DAll are correctOption E
India and the US are close to (concluding a trade package that would provide) enhanced market access to both countries.concluded a trade package that would provideconclude a trade package that would have providedconclude a trade package that will providingconcluding a trade package that will have providedNo Correction RequiredOption E
Directions(8-9): In the following question, a sentence with four words printed in bold is given. These words are numbered as A, B, C, and D. One or more of these four words may either be misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. You have to decide which of the following is inappropriate in the context. If all the words printed in bold
are correct then mark option (E) i.e. ‘All correct’ as the answer.
Direction: In the given question, a part of the sentence is printed in bold. Below the sentence, alternatives to the emboldened part are given as (A), (B), (C) and (D), which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative out of the given five options. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer will be option (E), i.e.,
“No correction required”.