This set contains New Pattern English Questions for various upcoming exams like SBI PO, IBPS PO, Clerk and insurance exams.
Direction (1-5) : The following questions contain five sentences as options. Find one sentence which does not relate to the central theme of the passage made by remaining four sentences.
- A) Young people have always been more idealistic than their elders, and more liberal too.
B) Even when equal treatment is not enshrined in law, the middle class people tend to support it.
C) In the 1960s baby-boomers spearheaded the social revolution that liberalised values across Western countries.
D) What were then fringe issues, such as equality for women and racial minorities, are now social norms in most rich countries. And even in places where they are not, young people espouse such values.
E) However, as a new survey reveals, there is one area where young people’s views are not so progressive: free speech.
- A) Nodding syndrome is a form of epilepsy that strikes children, mostly between the ages of five and 15.
B) It robs its victims of their mental capacity, stunts their growth and causes both the characteristic “nodding-off” motion which gives its name and more serious seizures, often when a child is being fed.
C) The Down syndrome treatments, reported by New Scientist, have raised skepticism and alarm.
D) The syndrome is also something of a medical mystery. The first cases were identified in Tanzania in the 1960s.
E) As described in a paper just published in Science Translational Medicine, researchers suspect that nodding syndrome is an “autoimmune” disease caused by sufferers’ attempts to fight off infection by a parasitic worm.
- A) Producing energy has a very heavy carbon footprint, as thermoelectric power plants tend to spend a lot of energy to keep themselves cool.
B) While this makes their net efficiency lower, a team of researchers from University of Colorado Boulder have found a solution to this cooling problem, that too without wasteful expenditure of electricity and water.
C) New research, published in Science, shows scientists have been able to create a new material which can reflect incoming solar energy, as also allow a surface shed its own heat in the form of infrared thermal radiation.
D) The radioactive material tends to react with the surrounding and release a gas which is used for further processing in the plant.
E) But the use of the technology is not just restricted to thermal plants; the low-cost material can be used for even cooling houses during summer.
- A) Growth rate of precious metals has seen a downfall after Donald Trump has been appointed as the new President.
B) Donald Trump has moaned less about the dollar than about shirking NATO allies or cheating trade partners.
C) Yet the dollar standard is one of the most vulnerable pillars of global stability. And the world is far from ready for America to ditch its global financial role.
D) Unlike other aspects of American hegemony, the dollar has grown more important as the world has globalised, not less.
E) In the Bretton Woods system devised for the post-war world, Western economies fixed their exchange rates to the dollar, which was in turn pegged to the price of gold. After the fracturing of this system under the inflationary pressures of the 1970s, the dollar became more central than ever.
- A) The most popular government policy at the moment for solving housing affordability continues to be increasing housing supply.
B) Rising house prices are very popular amongst Australian households, the majority of which are owners.
C) It’s true that increasing the supply of new homes in line with population and economic growth is a fundamental part of maintaining a healthy housing system.
D) But to tout new housing production as the only policy lever without examining the question of demand is clearly an ineffective policy position.
E) However to rectify this mistake the real estate sector must take strict action.
Direction (6-10) : In each question below there are four statements. Each statement has pairs of words/phrases that are highlighted. From the highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then choose the best option.
- (i) There are many organisations now looking at legal, technical, ethical and moral aspects of a society driven [A]/drived [B] by AI technology.
(ii) In June this year, Ola had made a submission in Karnataka High Court that Uber was a foreign company that his bypassing Indian laws and profits [A]/profiting [B] from it.
(iii) The pickup in India exports has been accompanied by a more buoyant [A]/buoyant [B] increase in imports with inflows going up by double digits in two of the last four months.
(iv) It is an optimistic [A]/ optimist [B] scenario as most of the large exports sectors are doing well.
- (i) Alan Judd is a novelist and biographer who worked in the British Foreign Office and is the authorised [A]/automatic [B] biographer of the founder of MI6.
(ii) Calls for the incorporation [A]/ Corporation [B] of the Railway Budget into the General Budget have been made over the years.
(iii) The NDA government is focusing on raise [A] /raising [B] funds for capital investment
(iv) Safety is directly linked [A] / linking [B] to the financial health of Indian Railways.
- (i) It is welcome that the government is considering reform of public sector bankers’ pay, and stock options and bonuses are being examined [A]/ mined [B].
(ii) A modern tax administration calls for intelligent use of technology and use of big data to help [A]/ track [B] evaders.
(iii) Banking culture has to change dramatically, particularly [A]/particular [B] in the public sector.
(iv) The prime minister promised the citizens that the pain would last a few days and this was a bold move to tackling [A]/ tackle [B] black money.
- (i) Retirement has nothing to do with you or your competition [A]/ competence[B].
(ii) Each one of us is unique and will have our own suite [A]/ suit [B] of needs.
(iii) There is a whole [A]/hole [B] new world waiting for us in the world of social media and technology.
(iv) For many of us who believed that we had no time to learn social media because of work related time pressures, retirement is an excellent [A]/excel [B] time to make this transition.
- (i) Income Tax evasion [A]/evade [B] is perhaps the most well known form of corruption.
(ii) Penalties are not meant to be revenue yielding measures but should act as deterrents [A]/determination [B].
(iii) India is at the cup [A]/cusp [B] of a transformation.
(iv) The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) decision to hold its policy rates is justified [A]/justification [B].