This set contains important New Pattern English Questions and Answers for SBI PO 2017, IBPS PO, Clerk , NIACL Assistant and other upcoming exams. New Pattern English Sentence Fillers and Word Usage. Please read the instructions very carefully.
Direction (1-5): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.
- FOR anyone who has tried jogging through smog, the physically sapping impacts of air pollution should come as no surprise. (……………………………………………………………………). Research by Tom Chang of the University of Southern California and colleagues found that pear packers working indoors were slowed by air pollution even at levels well below current air-quality standards.
A) Air pollution has a lot to do with physical fitness.
B) When we talk of air pollution we cannot restrict our self to pollution caused due to power plants
C) The day seems very near when pollution will kill us all.
D) But pollution doesn’t just slow down runners, it hampers workers too.
E) Since time immemorial pollution has been a threat to mankind.
- IN 1985 a gaping hole was found in the ozone layer above Antarctica. Two years later leaders from around the world signed the Montreal Protocol, a treaty to phase out the substances causing it, known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which were used in refrigeration and as propellants in products such as hairsprays and deodorants. Scientists had discovered more than a decade earlier that CFCs release chlorine into the stratosphere as they decompose—depleting ozone—and are also powerful greenhouse gases.(……………………………………………………………………………). This week officials from around the world, led by America and China, are meeting in Rwanda to make a deal that would extend the Montreal Protocol to cover hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which were introduced to replace CFCs.
A) HFCs don’t deplete the ozone layer but they still contribute hugely to global warming, as scientists discovered in the decades after their introduction.
B) Thanks to the treaty, the equivalent of some 135 billion tonnes of carbon-dioxide emissions were avoided, saving the ozone layer from complete collapse by the middle of this century
C) This is particularly important because they happen to be both a cause of global warming, and an important means of adapting to it.
D) Similar adjustments to an expanded agreement could make such technologies more environmentally friendly overall.
E) But many African countries and low-lying island states, already concerned by global warming, are pushing for a tighter timetable.
- (………………………………………………………………………………..).That is why many millions around the world either stick needles in themselves at frequent intervals to inject a hormone called insulin, or wear a device called an insulin pump that does the same thing automatically through a catheter that penetrates their skin. A body’s failure to make insulin, which regulates how cells burn glucose, their primary fuel, causes the symptoms doctors call type-1 diabetes. Until the discovery of insulin, in the 1920s, this form of diabetes was a death sentence.
A) To live or to die is not in our hand.
B) In principle, it might be possible for diabetics to take their insulin by mouth.
C) Faced with death, most people will do almost anything to stay alive.
D) If clinical trials in people show something similar, the world’s diabetics may no longer face the scourge of frequent injections or the irritation and risk of infection of an insulin pump.
E) If you think deeply you will find a way around diabetes.
- In economic terms, commodities are vital components of commerce that are standardised and hence easy to exchange for goods of the same type, have a fairly uniform price around the world (excluding transport costs and taxes) and help make other products. They are extracted, grown and traded in sufficient quantities that they underpin highly liquid markets, often with futures and options to help producers and consumers protect themselves against price swings. They include cocoa and coffee, zinc and copper, wheat and soyabeans, silver and gold, and oil and coal among numerous other raw materials.(……………………………………………………………….). So do many of the world’s economies—and not just corrupt dictatorships.
A) Some raw materials that would benefit from being treated like commodities have not yet become so, though.
B) Its price is mostly determined by long-term contracts that vary from region to region.
C) The extraction of physical commodities has an unseemly air to it.
D) Diamonds do not qualify, because each one differs in quality.
E) Our lives, literally, depend on them
- (………………………………………………………………………………). Academics grind out authoritative studies, but at a snail’s pace. Journalists’ first drafts of history are speedy but thin. A good think-tank helps the policymaking process by publishing reports that are as rigorous as academic research and as accessible as journalism.
A) But think-tanks really blossomed in the second half of the 20th century.
B) Many of America’s most venerable tanks, including the Brookings Institution and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, were founded in the early 20th century.
C) The Pennsylvanian researchers found that in 2014 the number of new tanks declined for the first time in 30 years.
D) Think-tanks aim to fill the gap between academia and policymaking
E) The Pew Research Centre describes itself as a “fact tank”, focusing on information rather than policy recommendations.
Directions (6-10): In each of the following questions, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.
A) The journalists will besiege the police chief with questions about the prisoner’s escape.
B) The king marched north to besiege the whole city.
C) After a week with a severe cold, the ill man was able to talk without starting to besiege.
D) The homeless people will often besiege tourists with their pleas for money.
E) All are correct
A) Many directors are coming here to make movies because of the large tax incentive offered by the state.
B) The workers have no incentive to work harder.
C) She had no incentive to work after she was refused a promotion.
D) The incentinve girl would not stop trying to sell cookies to the toothless man.
E) All are correct
A) Tripti would never resort to writing something like this.
B) The duke was prepared to resort to force if negotiation failed.
C) Asking them to leave the school should be a last resort
D) The duke was prepared to resort to force if negotiation failed.
E) All are correct
A) Mitchel Stark has a great ability to swing the ball either ways.
B) I insisted that I had no need to swing because I never did anything wrong.
C) I am too old to swing on branches
D) The party was in full swing when he left.
E) All are correct
A) You need to have at least a destiny understanding of technology before you can upload a video on that website.
B) Everyone ought to be the master of his own destiny.
C) Leaders have the ability to alter the destiny of millions, which is why elections ought to be taken seriously.
D) There is a destiny that leads our lives, whether we recognize it or not.
E) All are correct