Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Set 13

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: menu artwork 16 eagle 53 45 upper heading 94 cost 52 77
Step 1: 96 menu artwork 16 eagle 53 upper heading cost 52 77 43
Step 2: 54 96 menu artwork 16 eagle upper heading cost 77 43 51
Step 3: 18 54 96 menu artwork eagle upper heading cost 43 51 75
Step 4: menu 18 54 96 eagle upper heading cost 43 51 75 artwork
Step 5: heading menu 18 54 96 upper cost 43 51 75 artwork eagle
Step 6: cost heading menu 18 54 96 43 51 75 artwork eagle upper
This is the final arrangement and step 6 is the last step for this input.

Input: board 16 65 layout 90 orange 41 54 icing apple 22 85 review 23

  1. What is the position of ‘layout’ in step 3 from left end?
    A) 10th
    B) 9th
    C) 5th
    D) 6th
    E) 8th
    View Answer
    Option D
    Observe the last step: consonant alphabetically ascending order, then even number in ascending, then odd numbers in ascending and then vowels alphabetically ascending.
    Even numbers increased by 2, and odd numbers decreased 2 when they are placed in next step.
    Input: board 16 65 layout 90 orange 41 54 icing apple 22 85 review 23
    Step 1: 92 board 16 65 layout orange 41 54 icing apple 22 85 review 21
    Step 2: 56 92 board 16 65 layout orange icing apple 22 85 review 21 39
    Step 3: 24 56 92 board 16 layout orange icing apple 85 review 21 39 63
    Step 4: 18 24 56 92 board layout orange icing apple review 21 39 63 83
    Step 5: review 18 24 56 92 board layout orange icing 21 39 63 83 apple
    Step 6: layout review 18 24 56 92 board orange 21 39 63 83 apple icing
    Step 7: board layout review 18 24 56 92 21 39 63 83 apple icing orange
  2. In step 4, if ‘92’ is related to ‘orange’ and ‘layout’ is related to ‘apple’ in a certain way, then ‘24’ is related to which of the following?
    A) 21
    B) 63
    C) icing
    D) layout
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option E
  3. How many steps are done to complete the output?
    A) 6
    B) 7
    C) 8
    D) 5
    E) 10
    View Answer
    Option B
  4. In which of the following steps are words ‘icing apple review 21’ occur together?
    A) 2
    B) 4
    C) 6
    D) 5
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option B
  5. Which of the following is the last but one step of given input?
    A) layout review 18 56 24 92 board orange 21 39 63 83 apple icing
    B) layout review 18 24 56 92 board orange 21 39 63 83 apple icing
    C) layout review 18 24 56 92 board 21 orange 39 63 83 apple icing
    D) layout review 18 24 56 92 board orange 21 39 83 63 apple icing
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option B

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: clip 23 44 font 67 vand mail 72 dan 55
Step 1: vandish clip 23 44 font 67 mail dan 55 74
Step 2: vandish clipish 23 44 font mail dan 55 74 65
Step 3: vandish clipish mailish 23 44 font dan 74 65 53
Step 4: vandish clipish mailish danish 23 font 74 65 53 46
Step 5: vandish clipish mailish danish fontish 74 65 53 46 21

This is the final arrangement and step 5 is the last step for this input.

Input: mild sap 15 tusk 78 34 nut 28 59 past

  1. How many elements are between ‘mildish’ and ’28’ in step 3?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) More than three
    View Answer
    Option D
    For words arrangement:
    In each step ‘ish’ is added at last
    In given arrangement words start with are c, d, f, m, v – in alphabetical order
    in 1st step last word taken, then first, then second last, then second. …
    For numbers arrangement:
    Numbers are taken in descending order in each step. In even numbers, 2 is added. In odd words 2 is subtracted.
    Input: mild sap 15 tusk 78 34 past 28 59 nut
    Step 1: tuskish mild sap 15 34 past 28 59 nut 80
    Step 2: tuskish mildish sap 15 34 past 28 nut 80 57
    Step 3: tuskish mildish sapish 15 past 28 nut 80 57 36
    Step 4: tuskish mildish sapish nutish 15 past 80 57 36 30
    Step 5: tuskish mildish sapish nutish pastish 80 57 36 30 13
  2. Which element is third to right of sixth element from the right end in step 4?
    A) 57
    B) 15
    C) 36
    D) nut
    E) quirish
    View Answer
    Option A

  3. What is the difference in numbers which is fifth from right end in step 3 and which is fourth from left end in step 1?
    A) 13
    B) 14
    C) 12
    D) 15
    E) 16
    View Answer
    Option A
    28 – 15 = 13
  4. If in the Step 5, ‘mildish’ interchanges its position with ‘80’ and ’nutish’ also interchanges its position with ‘30’, then how many elements are there in between ‘80’ and ‘pastish’?
    A) 5
    B) 4
    C) 2
    D) 3
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option C

  5. Which of the following pair represents the first and last element in step 4?
    A) sapish, 13
    B) tuskish, 30
    C) 80, 26
    D) tuskish, 28
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option B

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