English: Cloze Test Set 17

Directions: Fill in the blanks with appropriate words:

In a rare move, Finance Ministers and Central Bank governors of leading economies have voiced concern over the slowdown of China’s economy, the world’s second largest, which could pose serious challenges to the growth of the global economy. China after (1)_____ nearly three decades of double-digit growth has been showing signs of slowness and India has now replaced China as the fastest growing major economy of the world.
As a result of the economic slowdown, the Chinese economic model, traditionally based on manufacturing, investments and exports, is currently transitioning towards a (2)_____ focused on domestic consumption, services and innovation. “This rebalancing, which is being implemented in a resolute manner, inevitably affects China’s economic partners, even if it is still too early to determine its precise impact. Yet, in any event, we will have to be ready to accompany these development,” the French Finance Minister Michel Sapin said in his address to the IMF.

Wolfgang Schauble, the German Finance Minister (3)_____ global economic slowdown to the Chinese slowdown. “This slowdown is related to the necessary ongoing transition of the Chinese economy, to lower commodity prices, to earlier exaggerations and domestic shortcomings in some countries, like insufficient structural reforms,” he said.
British Chancellor of Exchequer George Osborne (4)_____ the shared interest of the international community in supporting China as it grapples to enhance the resilience of banks and corporates and ensure the sustainability of local government finances and credit. “Structural measures such as state-owned enterprise and financial sector reforms and steps to reduce excess capacity will support China’s economic transition,” said US Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew. China’s economy (5)_____ 6.7 per cent in the first quarter of 2016, the slowest in seven years, to reach 15.9 trillion yuan ($ 2.4 trillion), the government said last week.
The growth further (6)_____ from the previous quarter’s 6.8 per cent, which was already the lowest quarterly rate in seven years. The Chinese economy logged 6.9 per cent last year, the lowest in over two-and-a-half decades. In 2014, China’s GDP grew by 7.3 per cent.Signs of weaker-than-expected Chinese growth, volatility of the Chinese renminbi and persistent capital outflows (7)_____ led to growing anxiety in the financial markets-(8)_____ plenty and strong buffers that emerging market and developing countries (EMDC) have accumulated in recent years, said Alexandre Tombini, Governor, Central Bank of Brazil.

However, the Chinese leaders (9)_____ the annual Spring meeting of International Monetary Fund and the World Bank tried to assure the world leaders in almost every meetings they have had in the past few days and over the weekend that China’s economy (10)_____ to be strong and there is no cause of worry.

  1. A) harnessing
    B) having
    C) concluding
    D) witnessing
    E) following
    View Answer
    Option D

  2. A) model
    B) criteria
    C) role
    D) goal
    E) country
    View Answer
    Option A

    Transition of model is taking place, hence model is to be used.
  3. A) attributed
    B) confined
    C) forced
    D) alleged
    E) indicated
    View Answer
    Option A

  4. A) related
    B) underscored
    C) confined
    D) enhanced
    E) nullified
    View Answer
    Option B

    Underscored – emphasized
  5. A) grew
    B) grow
    C) growth
    D) went
    E) were
    View Answer
    Option A

  6. A) widened
    B) increased
    C) gapped
    D) galloped
    E) narrowed
    View Answer
    Option E

    The growth has reduced from 6.8 (previous year) to 6.7 hence narrowed
  7. A) has
    B) have
    C) had
    D) were
    E) was
    View Answer
    Option B

  8. A) in spite
    B) due to
    C) despite
    D) as
    E) since
    View Answer
    Option C

    Sentence speaks that weaker growth rate has led to growing anxiety even though there is plenty and strong buffers. Hence despite should be used.
  9. A) appearing
    B) coming
    C) withdrawing
    D) attending
    E) seeing
    View Answer
    Option D

  10. A) deserves
    B) surrenders
    C) rests
    D) ignores
    E) continues
    View Answer
    Option E

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