Directions(1-5): Three statements with one blank in each, followed by three words, are given below. These words fit in the given sentence in some sequence. Choose the correct sequence from the given alternatives. If the correct sequence is not given in the alternatives, mark ‘None of these’ as the answer.
- i. The __________ are pushed or hammered into the ground and can be used for supporting a plant or forming part of a fence.
ii. She’s put an _________ pile of papers on my desk and I haven’t a clue what to do with them.
iii. At the roulette table, he __________ $10, 000 on number 21.
III. Stakedstakes, enormous, stakedstaked, enormous, stakesstaked, stakes, enormousstakes, staked, enormousNone of theseOption A
In i the plural noun form of ‘stake’ i.e. ‘stakes’ is needed which means a strong stick or metal bar with a pointed end. In ii an adjective is required which would mean to risk an amount of money. Thus, ‘enormous’ fits best. In iii the past form of verb of ‘stake’ i.e. ‘staked’ is needed which would mean to risk an amount of money.
- i. The whole politicians were riddled with _________, bribery, and corruption.
ii. He makes a _________ argument for improving early childhood education.
iii. The management tried unsuccessfully to __________ new working methods onto the existing way of doing things.
III. Cogentgrafts, graft, cogentgraft, grafts, cogentgraft, cogent, graftsgrafts, cogent, graftNone of theseOption D
In i a plural noun form of ‘graft’ is needed which would mean the act of getting money or advantage through the dishonest use of political power and influence. Thus, ‘grafts’ would fit best to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. In ii an adjective is needed which would describe the type of argument. Thus, ‘cogent’ fits best which means persuasive and well – expressed. In iii a verb form i.e. ‘graft’ is needed which would mean to join or add something new. This is because the effort made by
the management is being talked about.
- i. A new __________ of film-maker has taken over Hollywood.
ii. On seeing us, the deer stood stock – still for a moment, then turned and _________ into the forest.
iii. As we seen in the case of Bollywood, favouritism __________ resentment.
III. Breedbreed, breeds, retreatedbreeds, retreated, breedbreed, retreated, breedsbreeds, breed, retreatedNone of theseOption C
In i a type of person is being described. So, a noun is needed in this sentence. So, ‘breed’ is the correct form of noun. In ii a verb is needed which would mean to go to a quiet safe place in order to avoid a difficult situation. In iii a verb is needed which would mean to cause something to happen, usually something bad. Thus, ‘breeds’ is the correct form of verb.
- i. The calcium, potassium and magnesium ions are __________ or washed out of the top soil into lower inaccessible subsoil.
ii. He isn’t __________ involved in the day – to – day management of the business anymore.
iii. Heavy rains __________ minerals from the soil.
III. activelyleached, leaches, activelyleached, actively, leachesleaches, leached, activelyleaches, actively, leachedNone of theseOption B
In i and iii form of ‘leach’ is needed which would mean (with reference to a soluble chemical or mineral) drain away from soil, ash, or similar material by the action of percolating liquid, especially rainwater. Also, when a chemical substance leaches or is leached from a material, especially soil, it is removed by the action of water passing through the material. In ii an adjective is needed which would mean in an energetic or vigorous way.
- i. The evening sun made ____________ shapes in the forested landscape.
ii. To me, it felt more like the ______________ stories of Joyce Carol Oates — starting out in the mundane and taking a turn that can be interpreted as supernatural, or not.
iii. Not having told him about the _________________ aspect of my road-crash experience, I just shrugged.
C. EerieEeriest, Eerier, EerieEerie, Eerier, EeriestEeriest, Eerie, EerierEerier, Eeriest, EerieNone of theseOption B
‘Eerier’ and ‘eeriest’ are the comparative and superlative degrees of adjective for the word ‘eerie’ which means strange and frightening. Sentence i does not have any comparisons in it and an adjective is needed to describe the shapes making ‘eerie’ the correct answer for it. Sentence iii includes several aspects of the road crash and hence the superlative form of adjective must be used making ‘eeriest’ the correct word for the blank. Thus, in sentence ii, ‘eerier’ is used as it compares several stories of the same writer.
- You should not try to _______ your children for not studying properly.
DomineeringBrowbeatBlusterBemeanNone of theseOption B
Browbeat (verb)– intimidate (someone), typically into doing something, with stern or abusive words
Domineer- assert one’s will over another in an arrogant way
Extend- cause to cover a wider area; make larger
Bemoan- express discontent or sorrow over (something)
- Carmen grabbed a _________of wood from the box and jerked the stove door open.
TumultChunkRetractedUproarNone of theseOption B
Chunk (noun) –a thick, solid piece of something
- You will miss a great opportunity if you ________ instead of accepting the job offer.
VacillateFomentTriteBefuddledNone of theseOption A
Vacillate- waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
Foment- instigate or stir up
Trite- dull on account of overuse
Befuddle- cause to become unable to think clearly
- The soldiers __________ their equipment with branches and leaves.
MoribundAccessedCamouflagedIncreasedNone of theseOption C
Camouflage – noun – a means or attempt to conceal something
Moribund- (of a person) at the point of death
- My friend, Nima, is so _________ in her talks that no one is able to guess her age.
UpswingStipulationPrecociousHomageNone of theseOption C
Precocious – having mature qualities at an unusually early age
Upswing- an increase in strength or quantity; an upward trend
Stipulation- a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement.
Homage- special honour or respect shown publicly.
Directions(6-10): A sentence with one blank is given, indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the word that best fits the blank appropriately.