FDI Limits In India

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is an investment made by a company or individual in one country in another country, in the form of either establishing business operations or acquiring business assets in the other country, such as ownership or controlling interest in a foreign company.

Examples: Various IT companies like IBM, Ericsson, etc. have invested in India by establishing business operations here. Various joint ventures like SBI life insurance is a joint venture between State Bank of India (SBI) and BNP Paribas Assurance of France, etc.

FDI in India can be done through two routes: Automatic Route and Government Route.

Automatic route: In this, prior approval by the Government of India or Reserve Bank of India is not required.

Government route: In this, prior approval by government is required. 

Sector Limit Entry Route
Agriculture & Animal Husbandry 100% Automatic
Plantation Sector (Tea,Coffee,Rubber,Cardamom,Palm oil, Olive oil) 100% Automatic
Mining 100% Automatic
Petroleum & Natural Gas (Petroleum refining by the Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)) 49% Automatic
Petroleum & Natural Gas(All other activity) 100% Automatic
Defence 100% Automatic upto 49%
Above 49% under Government route on case to case basis
Broadcasting Carriage Services 100% Automatic upto 49%
Government route beyond 49%
Broadcasting Content Services 49% Government
Print Media
Publishing of newspaper and periodicals dealing with news and current affairs ]
[Publication of Indian editions of foreign magazines dealing with news and current affairs ]
26% Government
Print Media
[Publishing/printing of scientific and technical magazines/specialty journals/ periodical ] [Publication of facsimile edition of foreign newspapers ]
100% Government
Civil Aviation 100% Automatic
Airports[Greenfield projects ] 100% Automatic
Airports[Existing projects ] 100% Automatic up to 74%
Government route beyond 74%
Construction Development 100% Automatic
Industrial Parks 100% Automatic
Satellites- establishment and operation 100% Automatic
Private Security Agencies 74% Automatic
Telecom Services 100% Automatic up to 49%
Government route beyond 49%
[Cash & Carry Wholesale Trading/Wholesale Trading (including sourcing from MSEs) ]
100% Automatic
E-commerce activities 100% Automatic
Single Brand product retail trading 100% Automatic up to 49%
Government route beyond 49%
Multi Brand Retail Trading 51% Government
Processed Food Products 100% Automatic
Duty Free Shops 100% Automatic
Railway Infrastructure 100% Automatic
Asset Reconstruction Companies 100% Automatic
Banking- Private Sector 74% Automatic up to 49%
Government route beyond 49% and up to 74%.
Banking- Public Sector 20% Government
Credit Information Companies (CIC) 100% Automatic
Infrastructure Company in the Securities Market[in compliance with SEBI Regulations ] 49% Automatic
Insurance 49% Automatic
Pension Sector 49% Automatic
Power Exchanges 49% Automatic
White Label ATM Operations 100% Automatic
Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFC) 100% Automatic
Pharmaceuticals[Greenfield] 100% Automatic
Pharmaceuticals[Brownfield] 100% Government
Railway Infrastructure 100% Automatic
Regulated Financial Services 100% Automatic

Click here to download PDF of FDI Limits


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94 Thoughts to “FDI Limits In India”

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