Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 316

Direction(1-2): In the question, one sentence is given and four words are denoted by (A), (B), (C) and (D). You have to decide which of the following is inappropriate in the context. If all the words are appropriate in the context, mark ‘All correct’ as your answer.

  1. An assurance(A) from JNU-trained finance minister that institutional(B) integrity in the statistics(C) and IMD systems will be respected would have been welcome(D).
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option C
    The error is in C part as the word ‘statistics’ is a noun but we an adjective to modify a noun ‘institutional integrity’. The highlighted word ‘statistics’ must be replaced with ‘statistical’ in order to form the grammatically correct and contextually meaningful statement.

     

  2. Repo rate cut(A) will help lower borrowing(B) costs, but growth revive(C) will require a coordinated policy response(D).
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option C
    The word ‘revive’ is a verb whereas we need a noun after the conjunction ‘but’. To make the statement contextually correct and grammatically meaningful, ‘revive’ must be replaced with a verb’ revival’.

     

  3. Directions(3-7): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence three alternatives to that part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., ‘No correction required’.

  4. An elaborate dog wedding was held at the Maharaja’s (royal state in full royal style when two his) favourite mutts decided to mate.
    i. royal estate in full royal style when two of his
    ii. royal state in full royal style when two of his
    iii. royal estate in full royal style when two his
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option
    ‘At’ is used state the locations. So, it should be ‘estate’ instead of ‘state’. ‘Estate’ refers to the extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use, especially when the owner is extremely rich.
    ‘Two’ is used as an adjective here to describe the mutts. So, it should be ‘his two favourite mutts’ or ‘two of his favourite mutts’.

     

  5. His immense (love of dogs made him to splurge on his) 800 canines with everything from silver dog palanquins and gold jewellery to formal evening suits.
    i. love of dogs made him splurge on his
    ii. love for dogs made him splurge on his
    iii. love for dogs make him to splurge on his
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option B
    ‘To-infinitive’ is used to express purpose. This purpose is mentioned after the to-infinitive+verb, which is notthe case here as the reason is mentioned before. So, to-infinitive shouldn’t be here.
    Depending on which noun to be focused on (love or dogs), for or should be used. The focus of the sentence is on ‘his love’, so it should be ‘love for dogs’ as for is used to show who (dogs) is intended to have or use something (love).

     

  6. One must allow oneself (to see the world from a different perspective and feel) the things, one has never felt before.
    i. to see the world from a different mindset and feel
    ii. to see the world from a different context and feel
    iii. to see the world from a different standpoint and feel
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  7. Gratitude, passion and respect- this is the recipe of a wholesome relationship, (a love which sticks, and a bond that lasts through years).
    i. a love that sticks, and a bond that lasts for years
    ii. a love which sticks, and a bond that lasts for years
    iii. a love that sticks, and a bond that lasts through years
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option A
    ‘Which’ is followed by a non-descriptive clause. “Sticks, and a bond that lasts for years” is not a descriptive clause. It should be ‘that’ instead of ‘which’.
    ‘Through’ is used when we are talking about a particular set of years, like the years coming in the future or the ones in the past. But nothing is speci􀁽ed here so, it should for as it is simply used to tell a long duration of time.

     

  8. Pankaj Tripathi is on a roll, (with pumped brilliant performances on) hand and winning critical acclaim on the other.
    i. with pumped brilliant performances in one
    ii. with pumping brilliant performances on
    iii. with pumping brilliant performances on one
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option C
    When we talk about two parallel situation we often use “on one hand….on the other”. Since, the second action (winning critical acclaim) is followed by ‘on the other’, the first action (brilliant performances) must be followed by ‘on one hand’. Also, these two actions must have the same tense, in this case the continuous tense (pumping).

     

  9. Directions(8-10): In the given question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct combination.

  10. A) Combine
    B) Accord
    C) Withhold
    D) Prick
    A-D
    A-B
    B-C
    B-D
    C-D
    Option C
    Combine: join or merge to form a single unit or substance
    Accord: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition)
    Withhold: refuse to give (something that is due to or is desired by another).
    Prick: make a small hole in (something) with a sharp point; pierce slightly
    Therefore, accord and withhold are opposite in meaning to each other.

     

  11. A) Detest
    B) Wary
    C) Delirium
    D) Cautious
    A-C
    B-D
    A-B
    C-D
    B-C
    Option B
    ‘Detest’ means dislike intensely.
    ‘Wary’ means feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
    ‘Delirium’ means an acutely disturbed state of mind characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence, occurring in intoxication, fever, and other disorders.
    ‘Cautious’ means careful to avoid potential problems or dangers.
    Thus, ‘wary’ and ‘cautious’ are synonymous.

     

  12. A) Forge
    B) Evolve
    C) Assemble
    D) Counterfeit
    A-C
    A-D
    A-B
    C-D
    B-C
    Option B
    The word ‘forge’ means to produce a fraudulent copy or imitation of (a document, signature, banknote, or work of art). ‘Counterfeit’ means to imitate fraudulently. Thus, both the words are synonyms to each other. ‘Evolve’ means to develop gradually. ‘Assemble’ means to fit together the separate component parts of (a machine or other object).

     

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