Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Set 12

Machine Input Output Questions for upcoming SBI PO, NIACL, NICL, BoB PGCBF Exams, types of Machine Input Output Questions which were asked in SBI PO/IBPS PO Mains 2016 Exams

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: 37 45 upstream 42 meantime bypass 16 24 fireworks cannot
Step 1: cannot 37 45 upstream 42 meantime bypass 16 24 fireworks
Step 2: cannot 34 37 45 upstream 42 meantime bypass 24 fireworks
Step 3: cannot 34 bypass 37 45 upstream 42 meantime 24 fireworks
Step 4: cannot 34 bypass 50 37 45 upstream 42 meantime fireworks
Step 5: cannot 34 bypass 50 upstream 37 45 42 meantime fireworks
Step 6: cannot 34 bypass 50 upstream 72 45 42 meantime fireworks
Step 7: cannot 34 bypass 50 upstream 72 meantime 45 42 fireworks
Step 8: cannot 34 bypass 50 upstream 72 meantime 86 45 fireworks
Step 9: cannot 34 bypass 50 upstream 72 meantime 86 fireworks 45
Step 10: cannot 34 bypass 50 upstream 72 meantime 86 fireworks 88

This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.

Input: today 34 11 football 43 15 inside herself 22 airplane

  1. Which element is 3rd to right of 6th from the right end in step 3?
    A) 20
    B) inside
    C) 34
    D) herself
    E) 22
    View Answer
    Option D
    Observe that the words given are compound words (means words having 2 different words) Example: In cannot, we have can and not, in football – we have foot and ball. So the words are arranged according to the first alphabet of second word in each compound word (in alphabetical order) as:
    not pass stream time ward
    Numbers: They are taken in ascending order. When even number is encountered then (n+1)*2, and when odd number is encountered, then (n-1)*2
    Input: today 34 11 football 43 15 inside herself 22 airplane
    Step 1: football today 34 11 43 15 inside herself 22 airplane
    Step 2: football 20 today 34 43 15 inside herself 22 airplane
    Step 3: football 20 today 28 34 43 inside herself 22 airplane
    Step 4: football 20 today 28 airplane 34 43 inside herself 22
    Step 5: football 20 today 28 airplane 46 34 43 inside herself
    Step 6: football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 34 43 inside
    Step 7: football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 70 43 inside
    Step 8: football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 70 inside 43
    Step 9: football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 70 inside 84
  2. How many numbers/words are there between ‘20’ and ‘airplane’ in step 7?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) More than three
    View Answer
    Option C
  3. If in a certain way ‘today’ is related to ‘inside’ in step 3 and ‘28’ is related to ‘34’ in step 6, then in the same way ‘airplane’ is related to what in step 9?
    A) 20
    B) 70
    C) herself
    D) inside
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option D
  4. Which step number if following step:
    Step: football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 70 43 inside
    A) 4
    B) 2
    C) 6
    D) 7
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option D
  5. Which of the following is step 6?
    A) football 20 today 28 airplane 46 43 herself 34 inside
    B) football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 43 inside 34
    C) football 20 today 28 airplane 46 34 43 inside herself
    D) football 20 today 28 airplane 46 inside 34 43 herself
    E) football 20 today 28 airplane 46 herself 34 43 inside
    View Answer
    Option E

 

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: 30 Digital Arrange 12 25 Scheme News 37 Every India 68 53
Step 1: Arrange 30 Digital 12 25 Scheme News 37 Every India 53 68
Step 2: Arrange 25 30 Digital 12 News 37 Every India 53 Scheme 68
Step 3: Arrange 25 Every Digital 12 News 37 India 53 30 Scheme 68
Step 4: Arrange 25 Every 37 Digital 12 India 53 News 30 Scheme 68
Step 5: Arrange 25 Every 37 India Digital 53 12 News 30 Scheme 68
Step 6: Arrange 25 Every 37 India 53 Digital 12 News 30 Scheme 68
Step 7: Arrange 49 Every 100 India 64 Digital 09 News 09 Scheme 196
This is the final arrangement and step 7 is the last step for this input.

Input: 22 between orchid 36 47 according 13 umbrella mobile 79 58 hotspot

  1. Which word/number is third to right of ninth element from right end in step 4?
    A) between
    B) orchid
    C) 79
    D) 47
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option E
    Observe step 6. word starting with Vowel, smallest odd number, then vowel, then odd number…..then word with consonant, next smallest even number
    In the same way, steps are arranged.
    Step 7: Square of sum of digits of the respective number.
    Input: 22 between orchid 36 47 according 13 umbrella mobile 79 58 hotspot
    Step 1: according 22 between orchid 36 47 13 umbrella mobile 79 hotspot 58
    Step 2: according 13 22 between orchid 36 47 umbrella 79 hotspot mobile 58
    Step 3: according 13 orchid 22 between 47 umbrella 79 hotspot 36 mobile 58
    Step 4: according 13 orchid 47 22 between umbrella 79 hotspot 36 mobile 58
    Step 5: according 13 orchid 47 umbrella between 79 22 hotspot 36 mobile 58
    Step 6: according 13 orchid 47 umbrella 79 between 22 hotspot 36 mobile 58
    Step 7: according 16 orchid 121 umbrella 256 between 16 hotspot 81 mobile 169
  2. In step 5, if ‘13’ interchanges position with ‘between’ and ‘umbrella’ with ‘36’, then which word is exactly between ‘13’ and ‘umbrella’?
    A) None
    B) 79
    C) 22
    D) hotspot
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option C
  3. How many words are there in between words ‘22’ and ‘79’ in step 3?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option D
  4. Which step number is following step?
    Step: according 13 orchid 47 umbrella between 22 79 hotspot 36 mobile 58
    A) 4
    B) 3
    C) 5
    D) 6
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option E
  5. Find the difference in numbers which is 4th from left end in step 7 and 5th from right end in step 3.
    A) 45
    B) 41
    C) 43
    D) 42
    E) 47
    View Answer
    Option D
    121 – 79 = 8

 

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