Directions(1-5): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
- Paragraph 1: The “who’s who” of universities and research institutions published by the Human Resource Development Ministry, as the National Institutional Ranking Framework, 2018, should be viewed mainly as a proposition that data makes it possible to assign objective credentials to some aspects of education. Its assessment of some of the top institutions such as the Indian Institute of Science, the Jawaharlal Nehru University, the IITs and the IIMs is unsurprising, given their record of research, peer-reviewed publications and outcomes for graduates.
Paragraph 2: Even among the 3,954 institutions that participated, there is a clear skew towards southern, southeastern and western India. Participation levels are inadequate: there were 40,026 colleges and 11,669 standalone institutions according to the HRD Ministry’s All India Survey on Higher Education for 2016-17.
Paragraph 3: To the faculty and students in many colleges, what matters is the vision of the administrative leaders and a commitment to excellence. The governing bodies should make available adequate financial and academic resources to colleges, particularly the younger ones, to help them improve performance. These are measured by the NIRF in terms of the percentage of faculty with doctoral degrees, papers published in credentialed journals, inclusivity and diversity of students, and median salaries for the graduates.
1. As per paragraph 1, what does the author mean when he refers to the universities and institutions as “Who’s who”?He is trying to understand ‘who’ the list prepared by NIRF consists of.He is referring to the top institutions among all institutions mentioned in the list prepared by NIRF.He is asking the reader to fathom ‘who’ developed the list and the reasons behind it.Both A and CNone of the aboveOption B
Who’s who is basically used to refer to people/entities who/ which are important in a particular group. In this case, NIRF ranks all institutions and the topmost here have been referred to as who’s who.
- As per paragraph 2, there is a skew towards which region/regions in terms of participation?
IV. South –EasternOnly III and IVOnly I, III and IVOnly I, II and IVOnly I, II and IIIOnly II, III and IVOption A
Refer to: ‘Even among the 3,954 institutions that participated, there is a clear skew towards southern, south-eastern and western India.’
- As per paragraph 3, which of the following parameter/s matter/s to faculty and students when determining the worth of an institution?
I. Vision of its leaders
II. Frequency of pay hikes
III. Availability of adequate academic resourcesOnly IOnly IIOnly I and IIOnly I and IIIOnly II and IIIOption D
Refer to: ‘To the faculty and students in many colleges, what matters is the vision of the administrative leaders and a commitment to excellence. The governing bodies should make available adequate financial and academic resources to colleges, particularly the younger ones, to help them improve performance.’
- As per the passage, which of the following parameters is/are used by NIRF to judge institutions for ranking them?
I. Papers published in reputed journals
II. Number of highly qualified faculty
III. Diversity in terms of studentsOnly IIOnly IIIOnly I and IIOnly I and IIIAll of the aboveOption E
Refer to: ‘These are measured by the NIRF in terms of the percentage of faculty with doctoral degrees, papers published in credentialed journals, inclusivity and diversity of students, and median salaries for the graduates.’
- Which of the following is/are true as per the passage?
I. There was a huge amount of participation seen in NIRF 2018.
II. The ranking approach has been critiqued for failing to capture the crucial metric of learning outcomes.
III. NIRF’s assessment of the top notch institutions was expected.Only IIIOnly I and IIOnly II and IIIOnly I and IIIAll of the aboveOption A
‘Participation levels are inadequate: there were 40,026 colleges and 11,669 standalone institutions according to the HRD Ministry’s All India Survey on Higher Education for 2016-17.’
- The upheaval at Ford ________ pressure on all three Detroit automakers to prove they can _______ losses, as the U.S. auto market begins to slow from last year’s record sales.
Runs, gainComes, seeUnderlines, avoidTakes, viewUnderlines, gainOption C
- Courage gives you the _______ to persist where others have failed. Ultimately, the degree of courage you live with determines the amount of _______ you receive.
Self-respect, completionSelf-control, fulfilmentIncense, fulfilmentSelf-improvement, fruitionSupremacy, executionOption B
- The WHO advocates generic ________ as a part of an overall strategy to ensure rational medical treatment and prescribing _______ to the local conditions.
Deceiving, contemptsPretend, EncroachmentContinued, blitzkriegPrescribing, tailoredBetraying, assailmentOption D
‘Prescribing’ refers to (as a medical practitioner) advise and authorize the use of (a medicine or treatment) for someone, especially in writing and ‘tailored’ means (for clothes) smart, fitted, and well cut.
- This vision is presented as if it is something new and ___________ but there is much more in this new technological imagination that should remind us of old religious ___________.
Catastrophe, discomfortsDevotees, nuisancesRadical, imaginationsPatrons, admirersWitnesses, onlookersOption C
‘Radical’ refers to (especially of change or action) relating to or affecting the fundamental nature of something; far-reaching or thorough while ‘imaginations’ refers to the faculty or action of forming new ideas, or images or concepts of external objects not present to the senses.
- With a whole lot of games _________ in the coming months from the post-apocalyptic genre, everybody will be able to _________ the world after the unthinkable has happened.
Retiring, exploitRejecting, reportReleasing, exploreLaunching, visualizeOpening, understandOption C
Directions(6-10): A sentence with two blanks is given, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the words that best fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole.