Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 320

Directions(1-3): From the options given below, select the option which states the correct combination of incorrect sentences.

  1. I) Tractors and Farm Equipment Ltd. (TAFE) have appointed a new chief executive officer and elevated two top officials.
    II) Next up for Williams will be American wildcard Catherine McNally, who beat Swiss Timea Bacsinszky 6-4 6-1 earlier on August 26.
    III) The RBI said as financial resilience was within the desired range, the entire 2018-19 net income of Rs.1.23 lakh crore has been transferred.
    Only I is incorrect.
    Only III is incorrect.
    Both I & II are incorrect
    Both II & III are incorrect.
    All are correct
    Option A
    I. Tractors and Farm Equipment Ltd. (TAFE) has appointed a new chief executive officer and elevated two top officials.
    In this sentence, the TAFE is a single subject, hence, according to Subject-Verb according rule, ‘has appointed’ should be used instead of ‘have appointed’.
    II. Next up for Williams will be American wildcard Catherine McNally, who beat Swiss Timea Bacsinszky 6-4 6-1 earlier on August 26. This sentence is correct.
    III. The RBI said as financial resilience was within the desired range, the entire 2018-19 net income of Rs.1.23 lakh crore has been transferred. This sentence is also correct.

     

  2. I) The National Calamity contingent duty (NCCD) which was applied on tobacco products pre-GST continue to apply post-GST as well.
    II) While addressed a gathering in Pennsylvania, Mr. Trump took issue with the “developing country” status enjoyed by India and China at the WTO.
    III) Ms. Sitharaman told a press conference that the government will not treat corporate social responsibility violations as criminal offences, like it had earlier said.
    Only II
    Both I & III
    Both II & III
    Both I & II
    All are correct
    Option C
    I. The National Calamity contingent duty (NCCD) which was applied on tobacco products pre-GST continue to apply post-GST as well. This sentence is correct in all forms.
    II. While addressing a gathering in Pennsylvania, Mr. Trump took issue with the “developing country” status enjoyed by India and China at the WTO. ‘While’ is a conjunction which can be used to mean ‘during the time that’, to connect two events happening at the same time. We often use it with the past continuous to refer to background events. Hence, according to the rule, the verb ‘address’ should be in ‘ing’ form. Thus, ‘while addressing’ is the correct usage.
    III. Ms. Sitharaman told a press conference that the government will not treat corporate social responsibility violations as criminal offences, as it had earlier said.
    Like is used as a preposition, telling where, when or how the noun in the sentence is doing whatever it may be doing. As is used as a conjunction, joining two clauses and because there is a verb after like (said), the conjunction as should be used.

     

  3. I) The number of wireless data subscribers doubled between 2014 and 2018, largely due to the cheaper prices of data.
    II) According to government data, post-harvest losses is highest in the fruit and vegetable sector with as much as 16% of produce going waste.
    III) The 21st session of the COP21 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris from November 30 to December 12 2015 that saw the participation of 195 nations.
    Only II
    Only I
    Only III
    Both I & III
    All are correct
    Option A
    I. The number of wireless data subscribers doubled between 2014 and 2018, largely due to the cheaper prices of data. This sentence is correct.
    II. According to government data, post-harvest losses are highest in the fruit and vegetable sector with as much as 16% of produce going waste. In this sentence, the ‘losses’ in post- harvest losses is indicating loss in more than one way, hence, clearly it is a plural subject, so, ‘are highest’ is the correct usage instead of ‘is highest’.
    III. The 21st session of the COP21 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris from November 30 to December 12 2015 that saw the participation of 195 nations. This sentence is also correct.

     

  4. Directions(4-5): In each of the following questions a grammatically correct and meaningful sentence is given with four of its words given in brackets. One of the four bold words may be misspelt. You have to identify the misspelt word and choose the appropriate option as your answer. If none of the words are misspelt, then choose option 5, i.e., ‘None of these’ as your answer.

  5. In 1914, a group of lawyers (headed) by KS Arthanareeswara Aiyer (aproached) the then (collector) of Coimbatore with a request to (grant) them land to build their homes.
    headed
    grant
    aproached
    collector
    None of these
    Option C
    Correct spelling- approached

     

  6. One of the most (prystine) Shola (ecosystems) in the Nilgiris, Avalanche has been (decimated) by rains and (landslips).
    decimated
    prystine
    ecosystems
    landslips
    None of these
    Option B
    Correct spelling-pristine

     

  7. Directions(6-7): In the questions given below, there are five jumbled statements marked A-E. All the statements except one belong to the same context. Find the odd one out and also arrange the statements in the correct order and give the correct answer.

  8. A. This is because the cleansing forces of nature cannot do their job in proportion to the production of filthy matter.
    B. This is a desirable development in the face of the alarming rate of natural resources degradation, which greatly hampers their optimal
    utilisation .
    C. When waste waters emanating from municipal sewage, industrial effluent, agriculture and land runoffs find their way either to ground water
    reservoirs or to other surface water sources, the quality of water is not controlled .
    D. Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan is in full force these days.
    E. Environmental protection and management is deservedly attracting a lot of attention these days.
    EBCA
    DBAC
    CBDE
    ABEC
    BEAC
    Option A
    The correct sequence of the statements will be- EBCA

     

  9. A. There is, however, a further development which is very common in the present day.
    B. The typical unhappy man is one who, having been deprived in youth of some normal satisfaction, comes to value this one kind of
    satisfaction more than any other, and has therefore given to his life a one-side direction, together with a quite undue emphasis upon the
    achievement as opposed to the activities connected with it.
    C. The psychological causes of unhappiness, it is clear, are many and various. But all have something in common.
    D. A man may feel so completely thwarted that he seeks no form of satisfaction, but only distraction and oblivion. He then becomes a devotee
    of ‘pleasure’.
    E. People who meditate are one of the happiest and satisfied people in the world.
    BECA
    CBAD
    BDCA
    ECAD
    CBEA
    Option B
    The correct sequence of the statements will be- CBAD

     

  10. Directions(8-10): In each question below, a sentence is given with a part of it printed in bold type. That part may contain a grammatical error. Each sentence is followed by phrases A), B) and C) and D). Find out which phrase should replace the phrase given in bold to correct the error, if there is any, and to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark E) as the answer .

  11. Members of the automated teller machine (ATM) industry have blamed banks (of not supplying adequate cash) which has resulted in the acute shortage of cash in several parts of the country this month .
    In not supplying adequate cash
    To not supply adequate cash
    For not supplying adequate cash
    As to not supply adequate cash
    No correction required
    Option C
    The sentence needs to be formed in a way that it justifies through a reason that why/for what the banks are being blamed, therefore the preposition ‘for’ will be most appropriate.
    We can either put a blame ‘on’ someone/something or blame someone/something ‘for’ a reason.

     

  12. In keeping with the technology and innovation theme of the visit, events will be pegged around this, including a visit to the Science Museum, (current home for Illuminating India), focused on 5,000 years of science and innovation in the country.
    Current home to illuminating India
    Currently home to illuminating India
    Currently home for illuminating India
    Current home for illumination India
    No correction required
    Option B
    Adverb error: we need an adverb to form a meaningful phrase. ‘Current’ is an adjective, whereas ‘currently’ is an adverb.
    ‘To’ here is also being used as an adverb, as it is modifying the following verb. A preposition will be grammatically incorrect here

     

  13. The long-term challenge is to make the (much of the rainfall that India is getting), ranging from a few hundred millimetres or less in the northwest to more than a few thousand millimetres elsewhere.
    Much of the rainfall that India will be getting
    Much of the rainfall that India was getting
    Most of the rainfall those India will get
    Most of the rainfall that India gets
    No Correction required
    Option D
    The phrase will be grammatically and contextually correct with the superlative degree, i.e. most.
    Ex – we should make the ‘most’ of even a small opportunity that comes our way.
    The sentence talks in a simple present tense, therefore the verb ‘get’ will also be used in the same tense to make the sentence grammatically
    correct.

     

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