Directions(1-5): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, alternatives to the bracketed part are given as (A), (B), (C) and (D), which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative out of the given five options. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer will be option (E), i.e., “No correction required”.
- (No less than) 12 countries signed the new agreement.
No lesser thanNo less thenNo few thenNo fewer thanNo correction requiredOption D
- IIT Bombay is not just home to great science minds, (it harbours) some unique microorganisms.
it too harboursit again harboursit also harboursit harbours alsoNo correction requiredOption C
- The pair of asteroids (flying at Earth) pose no threat to our planet.
flying from Earthflying beside Earthflying at Earthflying by EarthNo correction requiredOption D
- They were happy to (partake of) out feast, but not to share our company.
To partake inPartaking inPartake ofPartake inNo correction requiredOption E
- All the members of the company’s high level panel (started shouting at each other).
started shouting at one another.started shouting at each another.started shouting from each other.started shouting at all the others.No correction requiredOption A
- Peer pressure (might has a substantial impact with) teenagers and adults alike.
i. Might have a substantial impact on
ii. Might have substantial impacts with
iii. Might be having a substantial impact onOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth i and iiiNo correction requiredOption A
The verb used with ‘might’ is always plural verb ‘have’. Present continuous tense does not make sense in the sentence thus option (iii) is incorrect. The preposition to be used with the word ‘impact’ is ‘on’ which means ‘to leave an impression on people.’ Hence option A is correct.
- If somebody possesses a strong perception of what is correct and what is wrong due to the values (they have been raised) , they are more unlikely to become sufferers of deviant influences.
i. They had been raised with
ii. They are raised with
iii. They raise forOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth i and iiNo correction requiredOption D
Past perfect tense, as well as simple present tense both, fit here. The preposition ‘with’ is a must after the verb ‘raised’ to make the sentence grammatically correct as it defines a link between the values and being raised.
- Both the framing and lighting used by the director of photography Nikhil Luka lends the film tangible textures, with subtle differences between visualization, setting apart the spaces in which the drama unfolds.
i. Subtle differences in visualization
ii. Subtle difference of visualization
iii. Subtle differences with visualizationOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption A
The correct preposition here is ‘in’ to make it clear where the differences lay. The word ‘differences’ in plural form is correct and needs no change. ‘Between’ is incorrect since the second object of comparison is not present. So, the correct answer is option A.
- Overuse of your cell phone or smartphone can result in a number of different physical problems that may cause permanent damage or (be difficult to treat).
i. Been difficult to treat
ii. Be difficult to be treated
iii. Be difficult to have treatedOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth i and iiiNo correction requiredOption B
The verb must be in past tense ‘treated’ and ‘be’ must be present before the verb to make the sentence correct. Thus option B is the correct answer.
- People think in the short term, how this will help them now, not how it will (impact on others later).
i. Impact others more late
ii. Impact others later
iii. Have an impact on others laterOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption D
‘Impact’ in the given sentence is a verb which should, here, structurally not be followed by any preposition; hence the given sentence is incorrect.
In i, ‘more late’ is incorrect.
In ii, the word ‘impact’ is used as a verb here so the preposition ‘on’ is not needed here.
In iii, the word ‘impact’ is used as a noun and the structure of the phrase is correct.
Directions(6-10): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, three alternatives to the bracketed part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., ‘No correction required’.