English: Phrase Replacement/ Sentence Improvement Set 78

Directions(1-5): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, alternatives to the bracketed part are given as (A), (B), (C) and (D), which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative out of the given five options. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer will be option (E), i.e., “No correction required”.

  1. (No less than) 12 countries signed the new agreement.
    No lesser than
    No less then
    No few then
    No fewer than
    No correction required
    Option D

     

  2. IIT Bombay is not just home to great science minds, (it harbours) some unique microorganisms.
    it too harbours
    it again harbours
    it also harbours
    it harbours also
    No correction required
    Option C

     

  3. The pair of asteroids (flying at Earth) pose no threat to our planet.
    flying from Earth
    flying beside Earth
    flying at Earth
    flying by Earth
    No correction required
    Option D

     

  4. They were happy to (partake of) out feast, but not to share our company.
    To partake in
    Partaking in
    Partake of
    Partake in
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  5. All the members of the company’s high level panel (started shouting at each other).
    started shouting at one another.
    started shouting at each another.
    started shouting from each other.
    started shouting at all the others.
    No correction required
    Option A

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, three alternatives to the bracketed part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., ‘No correction required’.

  7. Peer pressure (might has a substantial impact with) teenagers and adults alike.
    i. Might have a substantial impact on
    ii. Might have substantial impacts with
    iii. Might be having a substantial impact on
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both i and iii
    No correction required
    Option A
    The verb used with ‘might’ is always plural verb ‘have’. Present continuous tense does not make sense in the sentence thus option (iii) is incorrect. The preposition to be used with the word ‘impact’ is ‘on’ which means ‘to leave an impression on people.’ Hence option A is correct.

     

  8. If somebody possesses a strong perception of what is correct and what is wrong due to the values (they have been raised) , they are more unlikely to become sufferers of deviant influences.
    i. They had been raised with
    ii. They are raised with
    iii. They raise for
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both i and ii
    No correction required
    Option D
    Past perfect tense, as well as simple present tense both, fit here. The preposition ‘with’ is a must after the verb ‘raised’ to make the sentence grammatically correct as it defines a link between the values and being raised.

     

  9. Both the framing and lighting used by the director of photography Nikhil Luka lends the film tangible textures, with subtle differences between visualization, setting apart the spaces in which the drama unfolds.
    i. Subtle differences in visualization
    ii. Subtle difference of visualization
    iii. Subtle differences with visualization
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option A
    The correct preposition here is ‘in’ to make it clear where the differences lay. The word ‘differences’ in plural form is correct and needs no change. ‘Between’ is incorrect since the second object of comparison is not present. So, the correct answer is option A.

     

  10. Overuse of your cell phone or smartphone can result in a number of different physical problems that may cause permanent damage or (be difficult to treat).
    i. Been difficult to treat
    ii. Be difficult to be treated
    iii. Be difficult to have treated
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both i and iii
    No correction required
    Option B
    The verb must be in past tense ‘treated’ and ‘be’ must be present before the verb to make the sentence correct. Thus option B is the correct answer.

     

  11. People think in the short term, how this will help them now, not how it will (impact on others later).
    i. Impact others more late
    ii. Impact others later
    iii. Have an impact on others later
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option D
    ‘Impact’ in the given sentence is a verb which should, here, structurally not be followed by any preposition; hence the given sentence is incorrect.
    In i, ‘more late’ is incorrect.
    In ii, the word ‘impact’ is used as a verb here so the preposition ‘on’ is not needed here.
    In iii, the word ‘impact’ is used as a noun and the structure of the phrase is correct.

     

 

Click here for topic wise English Language Questions

 

Related posts